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Data-Dependent Methods for the Lag Length Selection in Unit Root Tests with Structural Change

Listed author(s):
  • Ricardo Quineche

    ( Banco Central de la Reserva del Perú)

  • Gabriel Rodríguez

    ( Departamento de Economía de la PUC del Perú)

We analyze the choice of the truncation lag for unit root tests as the ADF(GLS) and the M(GLS) tests proposed by Elliott et al. (1996) and Ng and Perron (2001) and extended to the context of structural change by Perron and RodrÌguez (2003). We consider the models that allows for a change in slope and a change in the intercept and slope at unknown break date, respectively. Using Monte-Carlo experiments, the truncation lag selected according to several methods as the AIC, BIC, M(AIC), MBIC is analyzed. We also include and analyze the performance of the hybrid version suggested by Perron and Qu (2007) which uses OLS instead of GLS detrended data when constructing the information criteria. All these methods are compared to the sequential t-sig method based on testing for the signiÖcance of coe¢ cients on additional lags in the ADF autoregression. Results show that the MGLS tests present explosive values associated with large values of the lag selected which happens more often when AIC, AIC(OLS) and t-sig are used to select the lag length. The values are so negative that imply an over rejection of the null hypothesis of a unit root. On the opposite side, lag length selected using M(AIC), M(AICOLS), M(BIC), M(BICOLS) methods lead to very small values of the M-tests implying very conservative results, that is, no rejection of the null hypothesis. These opposite power problems are not observed in the case of the ADF(GLS) test for which it is highly recommended. JEL Classification-JEL: C22, C52

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File URL: http://files.pucp.edu.pe/departamento/economia/DDD404.pdf
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Paper provided by Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú in its series Documentos de Trabajo / Working Papers with number 2015-404.

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Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: 2015
Publication status: published
Handle: RePEc:pcp:pucwps:wp00404
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Av. Universitaria 1801, San Miguel, Lima, Perú

Phone: (511) 626-2000 ext. 4950, 4951
Fax: (511) 626-2874
Web page: http://departamento.pucp.edu.pe/economia/
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  1. Pierre Perron & Serena Ng, 1996. "Useful Modifications to some Unit Root Tests with Dependent Errors and their Local Asymptotic Properties," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 63(3), pages 435-463.
  2. John Y. Campbell & Pierre Perron, 1991. "Pitfalls and Opportunities: What Macroeconomists Should Know About Unit Roots," NBER Chapters,in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1991, Volume 6, pages 141-220 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Serena Ng & Pierre Perron, 2005. "A Note on the Selection of Time Series Models," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 67(1), pages 115-134, February.
  4. Schwert, G William, 2002. "Tests for Unit Roots: A Monte Carlo Investigation," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 20(1), pages 5-17, January.
  5. Zivot, Eric & Andrews, Donald W K, 2002. "Further Evidence on the Great Crash, the Oil-Price Shock, and the Unit-Root Hypothesis," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 20(1), pages 25-44, January.
  6. Perron, Pierre, 1989. "The Great Crash, the Oil Price Shock, and the Unit Root Hypothesis," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 57(6), pages 1361-1401, November.
  7. Perron, Pierre & Rodriguez, Gabriel, 2003. "GLS detrending, efficient unit root tests and structural change," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 115(1), pages 1-27, July.
  8. Perron, Pierre & Ng, Serena, 1998. "An Autoregressive Spectral Density Estimator At Frequency Zero For Nonstationarity Tests," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 14(05), pages 560-603, October.
  9. Alok Bhargava, 1986. "On the Theory of Testing for Unit Roots in Observed Time Series," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 53(3), pages 369-384.
  10. Serena Ng & Pierre Perron, 2001. "LAG Length Selection and the Construction of Unit Root Tests with Good Size and Power," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 69(6), pages 1519-1554, November.
  11. Perron, Pierre, 1997. "Further evidence on breaking trend functions in macroeconomic variables," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 80(2), pages 355-385, October.
  12. Agiakloglou, Christos & Newbold, Paul, 1996. "The balance between size and power in Dickey-Fuller tests with data-dependent rules for the choice of truncation lag," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 52(3), pages 229-234, September.
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