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Crop Choice, School Participation and Child Labor in Developing Countries: Cotton Expansion in Burkina Faso

Author

Listed:
  • Harounan Kazianga

    () (Oklahoma State University)

  • Francis Makamu

    () (Oklahoma State University)

Abstract

We estimate the effects of changes in cotton adoption on children's schooling and child labor in rural Burkina Faso. Cotton adoption increases household's income, leading to increased demand for schooling and reduced child labor. On the other hand, because children are productive on cotton farms, cotton adoption increases the opportunity cost of child time and the demand for child labor. Using time and spatial variation, we find evidence of a strong effect on school enrollment and child labor for girls but no detectable effect on boys. We provide suggestive evidence showing that boys are more productive than girls on cotton farms. Therefore, the income effect from cotton adoption was larger than the wage effect for girls, hence the positive e ect on enrollment.

Suggested Citation

  • Harounan Kazianga & Francis Makamu, 2014. "Crop Choice, School Participation and Child Labor in Developing Countries: Cotton Expansion in Burkina Faso," Economics Working Paper Series 1501, Oklahoma State University, Department of Economics and Legal Studies in Business.
  • Handle: RePEc:okl:wpaper:1501
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    23. repec:mpr:mprres:7836 is not listed on IDEAS
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Crop choice; Cotton; School participation; Child labor; Developing Countries; Burkina Faso;

    JEL classification:

    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • I25 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Economic Development
    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets

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