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Crop Choice, School Participation and Child Labor in Developing Countries: Cotton Expansion in Burkina Faso

Listed author(s):
  • Harounan Kazianga


    (Oklahoma State University)

  • Francis Makamu


    (Oklahoma State University)

We estimate the effects of changes in cotton adoption on children's schooling and child labor in rural Burkina Faso. Cotton adoption increases household's income, leading to increased demand for schooling and reduced child labor. On the other hand, because children are productive on cotton farms, cotton adoption increases the opportunity cost of child time and the demand for child labor. Using time and spatial variation, we find evidence of a strong effect on school enrollment and child labor for girls but no detectable effect on boys. We provide suggestive evidence showing that boys are more productive than girls on cotton farms. Therefore, the income effect from cotton adoption was larger than the wage effect for girls, hence the positive e ect on enrollment.

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Paper provided by Oklahoma State University, Department of Economics and Legal Studies in Business in its series Economics Working Paper Series with number 1501.

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Length: 48 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2014
Handle: RePEc:okl:wpaper:1501
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