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The Effects of "Girl-Friendly" Schools: Evidence from the BRIGHT School Construction Program in Burkina Faso

  • Kazianga, Harounan


    (Oklahoma State University)

  • Levy, Dan


    (Harvard Kennedy School)

  • Linden, Leigh L.


    (University of Texas at Austin)

  • Sloan, Matt

    (Mathematica Policy Research)

We evaluate the causal effects of a program that constructed high quality "girl-friendly" primary schools in Burkina Faso, using a regression discontinuity design 2.5 years after the program started. We find that the program increased enrollment of all children between the ages of 5 and 12 by 20 percentage points and increased their test scores by 0.45 standard deviations. The change in test scores for those children caused to attend school by the program is 2.2 standard deviations. We also find that the program was particularly effective for girls, increasing their enrollment rate by 5 percentage points more than boys', although this did not translate into a differential effect on test scores. Disentangling the effects of school access from the unique characteristics of the new schools, we find that the unique characteristics were responsible for a 13 percentage point increase in enrollment and 0.35 standard deviations in test scores, while simply providing a school increased enrollment by 26.5 percentage points and test scores by 0.323 standard deviations. The unique characteristics of the school account for the entire difference in the treatment effect by gender.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 6574.

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Length: 78 pages
Date of creation: May 2012
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 2013, 5(3), 41-62
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6574
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  1. Eric Zitzewitz & Michael Kremer & Paul Glewwe & Sylvie Moulin, 2004. "Retrospective vs. prospective analyses of school inputs: The case of flip charts in kenya," Natural Field Experiments 00256, The Field Experiments Website.
  2. Elizabeth King & Eric Bettinger & Erik Bloom & Joshua Angrist & Michael Kremer, 2002. "Vouchers for private schooling in colombia: Evidence from a randomized natural experiment," Natural Field Experiments 00203, The Field Experiments Website.
  3. repec:feb:natura:0004 is not listed on IDEAS
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