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Remote Work and the Heterogeneous Impact of COVID-19 on Employment and Health

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Listed:
  • Manuela Angelucci
  • Marco Angrisani
  • Daniel M. Bennett
  • Arie Kapteyn
  • Simone G. Schaner

Abstract

This paper examines the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on employment and respiratory health for remote workers (i.e. those who can work from home) and non-remote workers in the United States. Using a large, nationally-representative, high-frequency panel dataset from March through July of 2020, we show that job losses were up to three times as large for non-remote workers. This gap is larger than the differential job losses for women, African Americans, Hispanics, or workers without college degrees. Non-remote workers also experienced relatively worse respiratory health, which likely occurred because it was more difficult for non-remote workers to protect themselves. Grouping workers by pre-pandemic household income shows that job losses and, to a lesser extent, health losses were highest among non-remote workers from low-income households, exacerbating existing disparities. Finally, we show that lifting non-essential business closures did not substantially increase employment.

Suggested Citation

  • Manuela Angelucci & Marco Angrisani & Daniel M. Bennett & Arie Kapteyn & Simone G. Schaner, 2020. "Remote Work and the Heterogeneous Impact of COVID-19 on Employment and Health," NBER Working Papers 27749, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:27749
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Coibion, Olivier & Gorodnichenko, Yuriy & Weber, Michael, 2020. "Labor Markets During the Covid-19 Crisis: A Preliminary View," Department of Economics, Working Paper Series qt7rx7t91p, Department of Economics, Institute for Business and Economic Research, UC Berkeley.
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    5. Dingel, Jonathan I. & Neiman, Brent, 2020. "How many jobs can be done at home?," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 189(C).
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    7. Laura Montenovo & Xuan Jiang & Felipe Lozano Rojas & Ian M. Schmutte & Kosali I. Simon & Bruce A. Weinberg & Coady Wing, 2020. "Determinants of Disparities in Covid-19 Job Losses," NBER Working Papers 27132, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Cited by:

    1. Gianni De Fraja & Jesse Matheson & James Rockey, 2020. "Zoomshock: The geography and local labour market consequences of working from home," Discussion Papers 20-31, Department of Economics, University of Birmingham.
    2. Rachid Laajaj & Camilo De Los Rios & Ignacio Sarmiento-Barbieri & Danilo Aristizabal & Eduardo Behrentz & Raquel Berna & Giancarlo Buitrago & Zulma Cucunubá, 2021. "SARS-CoV-2 spread, detection, and dynamics in a megacity in Latin America," Documentos CEDE 019152, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE.
    3. L'aszl'o Czaller & GergH{o} T'oth & Bal'azs Lengyel, 2021. "Vaccine allocation to blue-collar workers," Papers 2104.04639, arXiv.org.
    4. Denisa Sologon & Cathal O’Donoghue & Iryna Kyzyma & Jinjing Li & Jules Linden & Raymond Wagener, 2020. "The COVID-19 Resilience of a Continental Welfare Regime - Nowcasting the Distributional Impact of the Crisis," LISER Working Paper Series 2020-14, LISER.
    5. Lei Ding & Julieth Saenz Molina, 2020. "“Forced Automation” by COVID-19? Early Trends from Current Population Survey Data," Community Affairs Discussion Paper 88713, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality
    • J01 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics: General

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