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Work that can be done from home: evidence on variation within and across occupations and industries

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  • Adams-Prassl, Abi
  • Boneva, Teodora
  • Golin, Marta
  • Rauh, Christopher

Abstract

Using large, geographically representative surveys from the US and UK, we document variation in the percentage of tasks workers can do from home. We highlight three dimensions of heterogeneity that have previously been neglected. First, the share of tasks that can be done from home varies considerably both across as well as within occupations and industries. The distribution of the share of tasks that can be done from home within occupations, industries, and occupation-industry pairs is systematic and remarkably consistent across countries and survey waves. Second, as the pandemic has progressed, the share of workers who can do all tasks from home has increased most in those occupations in which the pre-existing share was already high. Third, even within occupations and industries, we find that women and workers with less stable work arrangements can do fewer tasks from home. Using machine-learning methods, we extend our working-from-home measure to all disaggregated occupation-industry pairs.

Suggested Citation

  • Adams-Prassl, Abi & Boneva, Teodora & Golin, Marta & Rauh, Christopher, 2022. "Work that can be done from home: evidence on variation within and across occupations and industries," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:labeco:v:74:y:2022:i:c:s0927537121001184
    DOI: 10.1016/j.labeco.2021.102083
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Working from home; Occupations; Industry; Coronavirus; Covid-19; Telework;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity

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