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Working from Home in Developing Countries

Author

Listed:
  • Gottlieb, Charles

    (University of St. Gallen)

  • Grobovsek, Jan

    (University of Edinburgh)

  • Poschke, Markus

    (McGill University)

  • Saltiel, Fernando

    (McGill University)

Abstract

We examine workers' ability to work from home, as well as their propensity to actually work from home in developing countries. We use worker-level STEP data covering the task content of jobs to measure the ability to work from home. While the ability to WFH is low in developing countries, it exhibits significant heterogeneity across and within occupations and worker characteristics. Patterns of actual work from home in data from Brazil and Costa Rica align closely with those predicted based on STEP data, in terms of both overall levels and variation with occupation and individual characteristics.

Suggested Citation

  • Gottlieb, Charles & Grobovsek, Jan & Poschke, Markus & Saltiel, Fernando, 2020. "Working from Home in Developing Countries," IZA Discussion Papers 13737, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp13737
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    2. Laura Pilossoph, 2021. "Comment on "From Mancession to Shecession: Women's Employment in Regular and Pandemic Recessions"," NBER Chapters, in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 2021, volume 36, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Nicholas W. Papageorge & Matthew V. Zahn & Michèle Belot & Eline Broek-Altenburg & Syngjoo Choi & Julian C. Jamison & Egon Tripodi, 2021. "Socio-demographic factors associated with self-protecting behavior during the Covid-19 pandemic," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 34(2), pages 691-738, April.
    4. Mohit Sharma & Sargam Gupta & Xavier Estupinan, 2020. "An alternate to survey methods to measure work from home," Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai Working Papers 2020-028, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India.
    5. Gibbs, Michael & Mengel, Friederike & Siemroth, Christoph, 2021. "Work from Home & Productivity: Evidence from Personnel & Analytics Data on IT Professionals," IZA Discussion Papers 14336, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    6. Dhingra, Swati & Machin, Stephen, 2020. "The Crisis and Job Guarantees in Urban India," IZA Discussion Papers 13760, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    7. Goenka, Aditya & Liu, Lin & Nguyen, Manh-Hung, 2021. "Modeling optimal quarantines with waning immunity," TSE Working Papers 21-1206, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE).
    8. Aditya Goenka & Lin Liu & Manh-Hung Nguyen, 2020. "Modeling optimal quarantines under infectious disease related mortality," Working Papers 202025, University of Liverpool, Department of Economics.
    9. Ourania Tzoraki & Svetlana Dimitrova & Marin Barzakov & Saad Yaseen & Vasilis Gavalas & Hani Harb & Abas Haidari & Brian P. Cahill & Alexandra Ćulibrk & Ekaterini Nikolarea & Eleni Andrianopulu & Miro, 2021. "The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Working Conditions, Employment, Career Development and Well-Being of Refugee Researchers," Societies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(3), pages 1-13, July.
    10. Cristina Arellano & Yan Bai & Gabriel P. Mihalache, 2020. "Deadly Debt Crises: COVID-19 in Emerging Markets," NBER Working Papers 27275, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    11. Suphanit Piyapromdee & Peter Spittal, 2020. "The Income and Consumption Effects of COVID‐19 and the Role of Public Policy," Fiscal Studies, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 41(4), pages 805-827, December.
    12. Daniel Garrote Sanchez & Nicolas Gomez Parra & Caglar Ozden & Bob Rijkers & Mariana Viollaz & Hernan Winkler, 0. "Who on Earth Can Work from Home?," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 36(1), pages 67-100.
    13. Trinh Q. Long, 2021. "Individual Subjective Well-Being during the COVID-19 Pandemic," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(14), pages 1-18, July.
    14. Andrés à lvarez & Oscar Becerra & Catalina Bernal & Julio Daly & Juliana Quigua & Yyannu Cruz Aguayo, 2021. "Direct and Indirect Effects of Lockdown Policies on Poverty and Inequality in Latin America," Documentos CEDE 019235, Universidad de los Andes - CEDE.
    15. Peter A.G. van Bergeijk, 2021. "Pandemic Economics," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 20401.
    16. Cecilia Peluffo & Mariana Viollaz, 2021. "Intra-household exposure to labor market risk in the time of Covid-19: lessons from Mexico," Review of Economics of the Household, Springer, vol. 19(2), pages 327-351, June.
    17. Cho, Seung Jin & Lee, Jun Yeong & Winters, John V., 2020. "COVID-19 Employment Status Impacts on Food Sector Workers," ISU General Staff Papers 202006080700001107, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
    18. Balde, Racky & Boly, Mohamed & Avenyo, Elvis, 2020. "Labour market effects of COVID-19 in sub-Saharan Africa: An informality lens from Burkina Faso, Mali and Senegal," MERIT Working Papers 2020-022, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
    19. Nicola Melluso & Andrea Bonaccorsi & Filippo Chiarello & Gualtiero Fantoni, 2021. "Rapid detection of fast innovation under the pressure of COVID-19," Papers 2102.00197, arXiv.org.
    20. Alleyne, Dillon & McLean, Sheldon & Abdulkadri, Abdullahi & Camarinhas, Catarina & Hendrickson, Michael & Jones, Francis & Phillips, Willard & Tokuda, Hidenobu & Pantin, Machel & Skerrette, Nyasha, 2021. "The case for financing: Caribbean resilience building in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic," Studies and Perspectives – ECLAC Subregional Headquarters for The Caribbean 97, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    21. Niembro, Andrés & Calá, Carla Daniela, 2020. "A first exploratory analysis of the regional economic impact of COVID-19 in Argentina," Nülan. Deposited Documents 3376, Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales, Centro de Documentación.
    22. Nathan Barker & C. Austin Davis & Paula López-Peña & Harrison Mitchell & A. Mushfiq Mobarak & Karim Naguib & Maira Emy Reimão & Ashish Shenoy & Corey Vernot, 2020. "Migration and the labour market impacts of COVID-19," WIDER Working Paper Series wp-2020-139, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    remote work; work from home; tasks; occupations; COVID-19;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development

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