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Government Guarantees and Bank Vulnerability during a Crisis: Evidence from an Emerging Market

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  • Viral V. Acharya
  • Nirupama Kulkarni

Abstract

We analyze the performance of Indian banks during 2007–09 relative to their vulnerability to a crisis measured using pre-crisis data, in order to study the impact of government guarantees on bank performance during a crisis. Using bank branch-level regulatory data, we exploit geographic variation in the exposure to state-owned banks to show that vulnerable private sector bank branches in districts with greater exposure to state-owned banks experienced deposit withdrawals and shortening of deposit maturity. In contrast, nearby vulnerable state-owned bank branches grew their deposit base and increased loan advances but with poorer ex-post performance of loans. Our evidence suggests that access to stronger government guarantees during aggregate crises allows even vulnerable state-owned banks to access and extend credit cheaply despite their under-performance, and this renders private sector banks especially vulnerable to crises.

Suggested Citation

  • Viral V. Acharya & Nirupama Kulkarni, 2019. "Government Guarantees and Bank Vulnerability during a Crisis: Evidence from an Emerging Market," NBER Working Papers 26564, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:26564
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • H1 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government

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