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Avoiding The Ask: A Field Experiment on Altruism, Empathy, and Charitable Giving

  • James Andreoni
  • Justin M. Rao
  • Hannah Trachtman

What triggers giving? We explore this in a randomized natural field experiment during the Salvation Army's annual campaign. Solicitors were at one or both of two main entrances to a supermarket, making the solicitation either easy or difficult to avoid. Additionally, solicitors were either silent, or asked "please give" to passersby. We observed over 17,000 passings over four days, and found dramatic avoidance of the solicitors, but only during a direct ask. Furthermore, asking increased donations 75%. Across all conditions, seeking the solicitor was exceedingly rare. The results do not support static views of altruism, such as inequity aversion, and instead highlight the importance of social cues and psychological features of the giver-receiver interaction. We argue that avoidance could evidence a lack of altruism or self-control strategy to deal with empathic reflexes to give.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 17648.

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Date of creation: Dec 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:17648
Note: PE
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