Upstream versus Downstream Implementation of Climate Policy
This chapter examines the tradeoffs of regulating upstream (e.g., coal, natural gas, and refined petroleum product producers) versus regulating downstream (e.g., direct sources of greenhouse gases (GHG)). In general, regulating at the source provides polluters with incentives to choose among more opportunities to abate pollution. This chapter develops a simple theoretical model that shows why this added flexibility achieves the lowest overall costs. I broaden the theory to incorporate several reasons why these potential gains from trade may not be realized--transactions costs, leakage, and offsets--in the context of selecting the vertical segment of regulation.
|Date of creation:||Jun 2010|
|Publication status:||published as Upstream versus Downstream Implementation of Climate Policy , Erin T. Mansur. in The Design and Implementation of U.S. Climate Policy , Fullerton and Wolfram. 2012|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138, U.S.A.|
Web page: http://www.nber.org
More information through EDIRC
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Juan-Pablo Montero, 1999. "Voluntary Compliance with Market-Based Environmental Policy: Evidence from the U.S. Acid Rain Program," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 107(5), pages 998-1033, October.
- Hobbs, Benjamin F. & Bushnell, James & Wolak, Frank A., 2010.
"Upstream vs. downstream CO2 trading: A comparison for the electricity context,"
Elsevier, vol. 38(7), pages 3632-3643, July.
- Hobbs, B.F. & Bushnell, J. & Wolak, F.A., 2010. "Upstream vs. Downstream CO2 Trading: A Comparison for the Electricity Context," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 1018, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
- Hobbs, Benjamin & Bushnell, James & Wolak, Frank, 2010. "Upstream vs. Downstream CO2 Trading: A Comparison for the Electricity Context," Staff General Research Papers Archive 31184, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
- Fischer, Carolyn & Fox, Alan K., 2009. "Comparing Policies to Combat Emissions Leakage: Border Tax Adjustments versus Rebates," Discussion Papers dp-09-02, Resources For the Future.
- Ann Wolverton & Don Fullerton, 2000.
"Two Generalizations of a Deposit-Refund Systems,"
American Economic Review,
American Economic Association, vol. 90(2), pages 238-242, May.
- Gilbert Metcalf & David Weisbach, 2008.
"The Design of a Carbon Tax,"
Discussion Papers Series, Department of Economics, Tufts University
0728, Department of Economics, Tufts University.
- Gilbert Metcalf & David Weisbach, 2008. "The Design of a Carbon Tax," Discussion Papers Series, Department of Economics, Tufts University 0727, Department of Economics, Tufts University.
- Bushnell, James & Peterman, Carla & Wolfram, Catherine, 2008.
"Local Solutions to Global Problems: Climate Change Policies and Regulatory Jurisdiction,"
Staff General Research Papers Archive
13125, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
- James Bushnell & Carla Peterman & Catherine Wolfram, 2008. "Local Solutions to Global Problems: Climate Change Policies and Regulatory Jurisdiction," Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 2(2), pages 175-193, Summer.
- Bushnell, James & Chen, Yihsu, 2009.
"Regulation, Allocation and Leakage in Cap-And-Trade Markets for CO2,"
Staff General Research Papers Archive
13131, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
- James B. Bushnell & Yihsu Chen, 2009. "Regulation, Allocation, and Leakage in Cap-and-Trade Markets for CO2," NBER Working Papers 15495, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Looney, Adam & Kroft, Kory & Chetty, Raj, 2009.
"Salience and Taxation: Theory and Evidence,"
9748525, Harvard University Department of Economics.
- Raj Chetty & Adam Looney & Kory Kroft, 2009. "Salience and taxation: theory and evidence," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2009-11, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
- Raj Chetty & Adam Looney & Kory Kroft, 2007. "Salience and Taxation: Theory and Evidence," NBER Working Papers 13330, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Chiu, Stephen & Mansley, Edward C. & Morgan, John, 1998. "Choosing the right battlefield for the war on drugs: an irrelevance result," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 59(1), pages 107-111, April.
- Dennis W. Carlton & Glenn C. Loury, 1980. "The Limitations of Pigouvian Taxes as a Long-Run Remedy for Externalities," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 95(3), pages 559-566.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:16116. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ()
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.