Investment in Energy Infrastructure and the Tax Code
Federal tax policy provides a broad array of incentives for energy investment. I review those policies and construct estimates of marginal effective tax rates for different energy capital investments as of 2007. Effective tax rates vary widely across investment classes. I then consider investment in wind generation capital and regress investment against a user cost of capital measure along with other controls. I find that wind investment is strongly responsive to changes in tax policy. Based on the coefficient estimates the elasticity of investment with respect to the user cost of capital is in the range of -1 to -2. I also demonstrate that the federal production tax credit plays a key role in driving wind investment over the past eighteen years.
|Date of creation:||Oct 2009|
|Date of revision:|
|Publication status:||published as Investment in Energy Infrastructure and the Tax Code , Gilbert E. Metcalf. in Tax Policy and the Economy, Volume 24 , Brown. 2010|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138, U.S.A.|
Web page: http://www.nber.org
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- Curtis Carlson & Gilbert E. Metcalf, 2008.
"Energy Tax Incentives and the Alternative Minimum Tax,"
NBER Working Papers
14110, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Carlson, Curtis & Metcalf, Gilbert E., 2008. "Energy Tax Incentives and the Alternative Minimum Tax," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 61(3), pages 477-91, September.
- Curtis Carlson & Gilbert Metcalf, 2008. "Energy Tax Incentives and the Alternative Minimum Tax," Discussion Papers Series, Department of Economics, Tufts University 0722, Department of Economics, Tufts University.
- King, Mervyn A. & Fullerton, Don, 2010. "The Taxation of Income from Capital," National Bureau of Economic Research Books, University of Chicago Press, edition 0, number 9780226436319, January.
- Hassett, Kevin A & Metcalf, Gilbert E, 1999.
"Investment with Uncertain Tax Policy: Does Random Tax Policy Discourage Investment?,"
Royal Economic Society, vol. 109(457), pages 372-93, July.
- Kevin Hassett & Gilbert E. Metcalf, 1994. "Investment with Uncertain Tax Policy: Does Random Tax Policy Discourage Investment?," NBER Working Papers 4780, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Kevin A. Hassett & Gilbert E. Metcalf, 1998. "Investment With Uncertain Tax Policy: Does Random Tax Policy Discourage Investment?," Discussion Papers Series, Department of Economics, Tufts University 9823, Department of Economics, Tufts University.
- Kahn, Edward & Goldman, Charles A., 1987. "Impact of tax reform on renewable energy and cogeneration projects," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 215-226, October.
- Gilbert E. Metcalf, 2006.
"Federal Tax Policy Towards Energy,"
Discussion Papers Series, Department of Economics, Tufts University
0612, Department of Economics, Tufts University.
- Mulder, Arjen, 2008. "Do economic instruments matter? Wind turbine investments in the EU(15)," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(6), pages 2980-2991, November.
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