Stereotype Threat and the Student-Athlete
Achievement gaps may reflect the cognitive impairment thought to occur in evaluative settings (e.g., classrooms) where a stereotyped identity is salient (i.e., stereotype threat). This study presents an economic model of stereotype threat that reconciles prior evidence on how student effort and performance are influenced by this social-identity phenomenon. This study also presents empirical evidence from a laboratory experiment in which students at a selective college were randomly assigned to a treatment that primed their awareness of a stereotyped identity (i.e., student-athlete). This treatment reduced the test-score performance of athletes relative to non-athletes by 14 percent (effect size = -1.0).
|Date of creation:||Feb 2009|
|Date of revision:|
|Publication status:||published as Thomas S. Dee, 2014. "Stereotype Threat And The Student-Athlete," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 52(1), pages 173-182, 01.|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138, U.S.A.|
Web page: http://www.nber.org
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"Social Identity and Preferences,"
NBER Working Papers
13309, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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""Dysfunctional Identities" Can Be Rational,"
Boston University - Department of Economics - The Institute for Economic Development Working Papers Series
dp-147, Boston University - Department of Economics.
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"Exploring the Impact of Financial Incentives on Stereotype Threat: Evidence from a Pilot Study,"
American Economic Review,
American Economic Association, vol. 98(2), pages 370-75, May.
- Fryer, Roland & List, John A. & Levitt, Steven D., 2008. "Exploring the Impact of Financial Incentives on Stereotype Threat: Evidence from a Pilot Study," Scholarly Articles 2961941, Harvard University Department of Economics.
- George A. Akerlof & Rachel E. Kranton, 2002. "Identity and Schooling: Some Lessons for the Economics of Education," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 40(4), pages 1167-1201, December.
- George A. Akerlof & Rachel E. Kranton, 2005. "Identity and the Economics of Organizations," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 19(1), pages 9-32, Winter.
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