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Race and Health Disparities Among Seniors in Urban Areas in Brazil

  • Antonio J. Trujillo
  • John A. Vernon
  • Laura Rodriguez Wong
  • Gustavo Angeles
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    White seniors report better health than Black seniors in urban areas in Sao Paulo, Brazil. This is the case even after controlling for baseline health conditions and several demographic, socio-economic and family support characteristics. Furthermore, adjusted racial disparities in self-reported health are larger than the disparities found using alternative measures of functional health. Our empirical research in this paper suggests that the two most important factors driving racial disparities in health among seniors (in our sample) are historical differences in rural living conditions and current income. Present economic conditions are more relevant to racial disparities among poor seniors than among rich seniors. Moreover, racial differences in health not attributable to observable characteristics are more important when comparing individuals in the upper half of the income distribution.

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    File URL: http://www.nber.org/papers/w11690.pdf
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    Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 11690.

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    Date of creation: Oct 2005
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    Publication status: published as Trujillo, Antonio J., John A. Vernon, Laura Rodriguez Wong, and Gustavo Angeles. "Race and Health Disparities Among Seniors in Urban Areas in Brazil." Journal of Aging and Health 21, 1 (2009): 3-37.
    Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:11690
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    Contact details of provider: Postal: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138, U.S.A.
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    1. Wagstaff, Adam & Van Doorslaer, Eddy & Watanabe, Naoko, 2001. "On decomposing the causes of health sector inequalities with an application to malnutrition inequalities in Vietnam," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2714, The World Bank.
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    6. Amitabh Chandra & Jonathan Skinner, 2003. "Geography and Racial Health Disparities," NBER Working Papers 9513, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Vaupel, James W, 1998. "Demographic Analysis of Aging and Longevity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(2), pages 242-47, May.
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    10. John Strauss & Paul J. Gertler & Omar Rahman & Kristin Fox, 1993. "Gender and Life-Cycle Differentials in the Patterns and Determinants of Adult Health," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 28(4), pages 791-837.
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