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Education and migration: empirical evidence from Ecuador

Listed author(s):
  • Chiara Falco

This study examines how the educational level attained by individuals affects their migration propensity. Using an original 2006 Ecuadorian survey, which gathered information on household members who were not in the country at the time of the survey (i.e., emigrants), we implement a Regression Discontinuity Design and control for potential endogeneity of the education explanatory variable based on the 1977 educational reform in Ecuador. Our results provide evidence of positive self-selection among migrants. Taking into account the 27{57 age sample, an individual with a lower secondary level of education increases the migration propensity by 31.30%; this propensity is even higher (34.47%) when the sample of migrants is restricted to the urban areas. Considering both country-specific characteristics and gender differentials, our results do not indicate a significant impact of an increase in human capital on the male migration propensity. However, there is a positive and significant effect on the female migration propensity, in particular, for women from larger cities. The results are consistent with theoretical models related to positive self-selection in response to labor market distortions, such as the disparities between genders.

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File URL: http://dems.unimib.it/repec/pdf/mibwpaper297.pdf
File Function: First version, 2015
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Paper provided by University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 297.

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Length: 32
Date of creation: Mar 2015
Date of revision: Mar 2015
Handle: RePEc:mib:wpaper:297
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