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Pro-poor Growth in Andean Countries

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  • Abdelkrim Araar

Abstract

This paper studies the pro-poor growth in the Latino American Andean countries. We first present different definitions of pro-poorness and the related methods in order to generate the statistically robust results for classes of pro-poor measures. Also, we present the non anonymous pro-poor approach and we propose also a new method to study the inter-temporal pro-poor growth with the aim to capture the change of wellbeing of the poor over time. We apply these procedures to five L.A. countries, which are Ecuador, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia and Venezuela for the period between 2005 and 2010. In general, we find strong statistical evidence that the Andean L.A. countries growths have been absolutely and relatively pro-poor for the period between 2005 and 2010. However, the 2008 world economic crisis has affected temporarily growth and the latter was not absolutely pro-poor during this economic crisis. Starting from 2009, the L.A. countries have registered a remarkable economic recovery. This recovery has helped to growth to absolutely pro-poor and thus, to continue to reduce poverty in this region of world.

Suggested Citation

  • Abdelkrim Araar, 2012. "Pro-poor Growth in Andean Countries," Cahiers de recherche 1225, CIRPEE.
  • Handle: RePEc:lvl:lacicr:1225
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    File URL: http://www.cirpee.org/fileadmin/documents/Cahiers_2012/CIRPEE12-25.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Van Kerm, Philippe, 2009. "Income mobility profiles," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 102(2), pages 93-95, February.
    2. Stephen P. Jenkins & Philippe Van Kerm, 2006. "Trends in income inequality, pro-poor income growth, and income mobility," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 58(3), pages 531-548, July.
    3. Deininger, Klaus & Squire, Lyn, 1998. "New ways of looking at old issues: inequality and growth," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(2), pages 259-287.
    4. Jean-Yves Duclos, 2009. "What is “Pro-Poor”?," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer;The Society for Social Choice and Welfare, vol. 32(1), pages 37-58, January.
    5. Ravallion, Martin & Chen, Shaohua, 2003. "Measuring pro-poor growth," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 78(1), pages 93-99, January.
    6. Michael Grimm, 2007. "Removing the anonymity axiom in assessing pro-poor growth," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 5(2), pages 179-197, August.
    7. Son, Hyun Hwa, 2004. "A note on pro-poor growth," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 82(3), pages 307-314, March.
    8. Ravallion, Martin & Datt, Gaurav, 2002. "Why has economic growth been more pro-poor in some states of India than others?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(2), pages 381-400, August.
    9. Datt, Gaurav & Ravallion, Martin, 1992. "Growth and redistribution components of changes in poverty measures : A decomposition with applications to Brazil and India in the 1980s," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 275-295, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. Sripad Motiram & Karthikeya Naraparaju, 2013. "Growth and Deprivation in India: What Does Recent Data Say?," Working Papers id:5279, eSocialSciences.
    2. Luis Huesca Reynoso & Abdelkrim Araar, 2016. "Comparison of fiscal system progressivity over time: theory and application in Mexico," Estudios Económicos, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos, vol. 31(1), pages 3-45.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Pro-poor growth; Poverty; Inequality;

    JEL classification:

    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • D64 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Altruism; Philanthropy; Intergenerational Transfers

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