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La sur-éducation en France : vers une dévalorisation des diplômes du supérieur ?

  • Jean-Pascal Guironnet

En France, de nombreuses études ont mis en évidence la présence de jeunes employés suréduqués sur le marché du travail. En utilisant les enquêtes du Céreq, sur les sortants de l’enseignement supérieur en 1984 et 1996, nous analysons l’évolution des déterminants et de l’incidence de la suréducation. En privilégiant une modélisation endogène de la suréducation dans la détermination des salaires, nous tenons compte du biais de sélection induit par les diplômés sans emplois. Suivant nos résultats, le phénomène de suréducation est loin d’être marginal, la proportion de salariés déclassés double en 12 ans. Le lien « diplôme-accès à l’emploi » s’est renforcé pour les sortants de l’enseignement supérieur mais paradoxalement les probabilités d’accès aux postes élevés de la hiérarchie professionnelle se sont largement dégradées entre 1987 et 1999.

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Paper provided by LAMETA, Universtiy of Montpellier in its series Working Papers with number 05-04.

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Length: 19 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2005
Date of revision: Jan 2005
Handle: RePEc:lam:wpaper:05-04
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  1. Nachum Sicherman, 1987. "Over-Education in the Labor Market," University of Chicago - George G. Stigler Center for Study of Economy and State 48, Chicago - Center for Study of Economy and State.
  2. D. Verhaest & E. Omey, 2004. "What determines measured overeducation?," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 04/216, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
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  10. McGoldrick, KimMarie & Robst, John, 1996. "Gender Differences in Overeducation: A Test of the Theory of Differential Overqualification," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(2), pages 280-84, May.
  11. Heckman, James J, 1979. "Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 47(1), pages 153-61, January.
  12. Russell W. Rumberger, 1987. "The Impact of Surplus Schooling on Productivity and Earnings," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 22(1), pages 24-50.
  13. Bartel, Ann P & Lichtenberg, Frank R, 1987. "The Comparative Advantage of Educated Workers in Implementing New Technology," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 69(1), pages 1-11, February.
  14. Oded Galor & Nachum Sicherman, 1988. "A Theory of Career Mobility," University of Chicago - George G. Stigler Center for Study of Economy and State 51, Chicago - Center for Study of Economy and State.
  15. Christian Baudelot & Michel Glaude, 1989. "Les diplômes se dévaluent-ils en se multipliant ?," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 225(1), pages 3-16.
  16. Harminder Battu & Paul Seaman & Peter Sloane, 1998. "Are married women spatially constrained? A test of gender differentials in labour market outcomes," ERSA conference papers ersa98p24, European Regional Science Association.
  17. Alfonso Alba-Ramírez, 1993. "Mismatch in the Spanish Labor Market: Overeducation?," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 28(2), pages 259-278.
  18. Rubb, Stephen, 2003. "Overeducation: a short or long run phenomenon for individuals?," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 22(4), pages 389-394, August.
  19. Duncan, Greg J. & Hoffman, Saul D., 1981. "The incidence and wage effects of overeducation," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 75-86, February.
  20. Teulings, Coen N, 1995. "The Wage Distribution in a Model of the Assignment of Skills to Jobs," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 103(2), pages 280-315, April.
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