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La suréducation en France : Vers une dévalorisation des diplômes du supérieur ?

  • Jean-Pascal Guironnet

    ()

    (LAMETA, Université de Montpellier 1.)

En France, de nombreuses études ont mis en évidence la présence de jeunes employés suréduqués sur le marché du travail. En utilisant les enquêtes du Céreq, sur les sortants de l’enseignement supérieur en 1984 et 1996, nous analysons l’évolution des déterminants et de l’incidence de la suréducation. En privilégiant une modélisation endogène de la suréducation dans la détermination des salaires, nous tenons compte du biais de sélection induit par les diplômés sans emplois. Suivant nos résultats, le phénomène de suréducation est loin d’être marginal, la proportion de salariés déclassés double en 12 ans. Le lien « diplôme-accès à l’emploi » s’est renforcé pour les sortants de l’enseignement supérieur mais paradoxalement les probabilités d’accès aux postes élevés de la hiérarchie professionnelle se sont largement dégradées entre 1987 et 1999.

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Paper provided by Association Française de Cliométrie (AFC) in its series Working Papers with number 05-10.

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Length: 19 pages
Date of creation: 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:afc:wpaper:05-10
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.cliometrie.org

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