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La suréducation en France : Vers une dévalorisation des diplômes du supérieur ?

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  • Jean-Pascal Guironnet

    () (LAMETA, Université de Montpellier 1.)

Abstract

En France, de nombreuses études ont mis en évidence la présence de jeunes employés suréduqués sur le marché du travail. En utilisant les enquêtes du Céreq, sur les sortants de l’enseignement supérieur en 1984 et 1996, nous analysons l’évolution des déterminants et de l’incidence de la suréducation. En privilégiant une modélisation endogène de la suréducation dans la détermination des salaires, nous tenons compte du biais de sélection induit par les diplômés sans emplois. Suivant nos résultats, le phénomène de suréducation est loin d’être marginal, la proportion de salariés déclassés double en 12 ans. Le lien « diplôme-accès à l’emploi » s’est renforcé pour les sortants de l’enseignement supérieur mais paradoxalement les probabilités d’accès aux postes élevés de la hiérarchie professionnelle se sont largement dégradées entre 1987 et 1999.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Pascal Guironnet, 2005. "La suréducation en France : Vers une dévalorisation des diplômes du supérieur ?," Working Papers 05-10, Association Française de Cliométrie (AFC).
  • Handle: RePEc:afc:wpaper:05-10
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Claude Diebolt, 2016. "Modelling Education Dynamics with Cliometrics Foundations," Working Papers 01-16, Association Française de Cliométrie (AFC).
    2. Barros, Carlos P. & Guironnet, Jean-Pascal & Peypoch, Nicolas, 2011. "Productivity growth and biased technical change in French higher education," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 28(1-2), pages 641-646, January.
    3. Imen Mouaddeb & Mohamed Kriaa, 2016. "Access to the Labor Market and the Impact of Passage Through an Introductory Traineeship in Professional Life (SIVP1): the Example of the Graduates of Higher Education in Tunisia From 2004 to 2008," Working Papers 984, Economic Research Forum, revised Apr 2016.
    4. Carole Brunet & Nathalie Havet, 2011. "Homeownership and job-match quality in France," Working Papers 1131, Groupe d'Analyse et de Théorie Economique Lyon St-Étienne (GATE Lyon St-Étienne), Université de Lyon.
    5. Jean-Pascal Guironnet & Nicolas Peypoch, 2005. "Human Capital Allocation and Overeducation: A Measure of French Productivity," Working Papers 05-10, LAMETA, Universtiy of Montpellier, revised Oct 2005.
    6. Magali Jaoul-Grammare, 2006. "Cliométrie de l’engorgement en France. Evaluation théorique et empirique," Working Papers 06-07, Association Française de Cliométrie (AFC).
    7. Jean-Pascal Guironnet, 2008. "The Impact of Surplus Schooling on Earnings: Some Additional Findings II," Working Papers 08-04, Association Française de Cliométrie (AFC).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Suréducation; dévalorisation des diplômes; concurrence à l’emploi;

    JEL classification:

    • I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J3 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs

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