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The extension of short-time work schemes during the Great Recession: A story of success?

Author

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  • Björn Brey

    (Department of Economics, University of Konstanz, Germany)

  • Matthias S. Hertweck

    (Department of Economics, University of Konstanz, Germany)

Abstract

This paper evaluates the effectiveness of short-time work [STW] extensions — e.g. relaxing eligibility criteria or implementing new STW schemes — in the OECD during and after the Great Recession. First, we find that the dampening effect of STW on the unemployment rate diminishes at higher take-up rates. Second, only countries with preexisting STW schemes were able to fully exploit the benefits of STW. Third, the effects of STW are strongest when GDP growth is deeply negative at the beginning of recessions. Our results indicate that STW is most effective when used as a fast-responding automatic stabilizer.

Suggested Citation

  • Björn Brey & Matthias S. Hertweck, 2016. "The extension of short-time work schemes during the Great Recession: A story of success?," Working Paper Series of the Department of Economics, University of Konstanz 2016-05, Department of Economics, University of Konstanz.
  • Handle: RePEc:knz:dpteco:1605
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    Cited by:

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    3. Florentino Felgueroso & Marcel Jansen, 2020. "Una valoraciónde los ERTEpara hacer frente a la crisis del COVID-19 en basea la evidencia empírica y desde una perspectiva comparada," Policy Papers 2020-06, FEDEA.
    4. Britta Gehrke & Brigitte Hochmuth, 2021. "Counteracting Unemployment in Crises: Non‐Linear Effects of Short‐Time Work Policy," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 123(1), pages 144-183, January.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    job destruction; labor policy; short-time work; unemployment;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J63 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Turnover; Vacancies; Layoffs
    • J65 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment Insurance; Severance Pay; Plant Closings
    • J68 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Public Policy

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