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Labour hoarding in Germany : employment effects of short-time work during the crises

Author

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  • Kruppe, Thomas

    (Institute for Employment Research (IAB), Nuremberg, Germany)

  • Scholz, Theresa

    (IAB)

Abstract

"During the crisis (2008-09) Germany experienced a huge decrease in GDP. Employment, however, remained surprisingly stable. A whole strand of literature has aimed at quantifying the contribution of short-time work to the German labour market miracle. In the course of this literature we estimate the treatment effect of short-time work on employment at establishment level using a dynamic propensity score matching approach. The analysis is based on data from the IAB Establishment Panel combined with administrative data on short-time work establishments from the Federal Employment Agency. Our results do not indicate any treatment effect of short-time work on employment." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))

Suggested Citation

  • Kruppe, Thomas & Scholz, Theresa, 2014. "Labour hoarding in Germany : employment effects of short-time work during the crises," IAB-Discussion Paper 201417, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
  • Handle: RePEc:iab:iabdpa:201417
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Olga Bohachova & Bernhard Boockmann & Claudia M. Buch, 2011. "Labor Demand During the Crisis: What Happened in Germany?," CESifo Working Paper Series 3625, CESifo.
    2. Oana Calavrezo & Richard Duhautois & Emmanuelle Walkowiak, 2007. "The Short-Time Compensation Program in France: an Efficient Measure Against Redundancies?," Post-Print halshs-00273367, HAL.
    3. Michael Lechner, 2002. "Program Heterogeneity And Propensity Score Matching: An Application To The Evaluation Of Active Labor Market Policies," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 84(2), pages 205-220, May.
    4. Van Audenrode, Marc A, 1994. "Short-Time Compensation: Job Security, and Employment Contracts: Evidence from Selected OECD Countries," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 102(1), pages 76-102, February.
    5. Tito Boeri & Herbert Bruecker, 2011. "Short-time work benefits revisited: some lessons from the Great Recession [‘Reversed roles? Wage and employment effects of the current crisis’]," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 26(68), pages 697-765.
    6. Michael C. Burda & Jennifer Hunt, 2011. "What Explains the German Labor Market Miracle in the Great Recession," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 42(1 (Spring), pages 273-335.
    7. Marco Caliendo & Sabine Kopeinig, 2008. "Some Practical Guidance For The Implementation Of Propensity Score Matching," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 22(1), pages 31-72, February.
    8. Fredriksson, Peter & Johansson, Per, 2008. "Dynamic Treatment Assignment," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 26, pages 435-445.
    9. Herwig Immervoll & Andreas Peichl & Konstantinos Tatsiramos (ed.), 2011. "Who Loses in the Downturn? Economic Crisis, Employment and Income Distribution," Research in Labor Economics, Emerald Publishing Ltd, volume 32, number rlec.2011.32, December.
    10. Gabriele Fischer & Florian Janik & Dana Müller & Alexandra Schmucker, 2009. "European Data Watch: The IAB Establishment Panel - Things Users Should Know," Schmollers Jahrbuch : Journal of Applied Social Science Studies / Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 129(1), pages 133-148.
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    Cited by:

    1. Stephan, Gesine & Uthmann, Sven, 2014. "Akzeptanz von Vergeltungsmaßnahmen am Arbeitsplatz : Befunde aus einer quasi-experimentellen Untersuchung," IAB-Discussion Paper 201427, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    2. Russell Cooper, 2017. "The Employment and Output Effects of Short-Time Work in Germany," 2017 Meeting Papers 613, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    3. Pierre Cahuc & Francis Kramarz & Sandra Nevoux, 2018. "When Short-Time Work Works," Sciences Po publications 2018-03, Sciences Po.
    4. Brey, Björn & Hertweck, Matthias S., 2020. "The Extension Of Short-Time Work Schemes During The Great Recession: A Story Of Success?," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 24(2), pages 360-402, March.
    5. Michal Moszynski, 2016. "Institutional conditioning of the German labour market in the face of the global economic crisis 2008–2009," Ekonomia i Prawo, Uniwersytet Mikolaja Kopernika, vol. 15(3), pages 371-383, September.
    6. Cahuc, Pierre & Nevoux, Sandra, 2017. "Inefficient Short-Time Work," IZA Discussion Papers 11010, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    7. Marlon R. Tracey & Solomon W. Polachek, 2020. "Heterogeneous Layoff Effects of the US Short‐Time Compensation Program," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 34(4), pages 399-426, December.
    8. Werner Eichhorst & Ulf Rinne & Hubertus Heil & Martin Brudermüller & Almut Balleer & Britta Gehrke & Brigitte Hochmuth & Christian Merkl & Ulrich Kater & Felix Pakleppa & Sebastian Link & Timo Wollmer, 2019. "Konjunkturelle Eintrübung und sinkende Produktion in der Industrie: Was können Unternehmen und Politik tun?," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 72(18), pages 03-23, September.
    9. Michael Siegenthaler & Daniel Kopp, 2019. "Short-Time Work and Unemployment in and after the Great Recession," KOF Working papers 19-462, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich.
    10. Oana CALAVREZO & Lewis HOUNKPEVI & Florence JOURNEAU & Marie-Hélène NGUYEN, 2020. "L’utilisation de l’activité partielle durant la crise de la Covid-19 : une analyse empirique entre mars et mai 2020," LEO Working Papers / DR LEO 2804, Orleans Economics Laboratory / Laboratoire d'Economie d'Orleans (LEO), University of Orleans.
    11. José M. Arranz & Carlos García†Serrano & Virginia Hernanz, 2018. "Short†Time Work and Employment Stability: Evidence from a Policy Change," British Journal of Industrial Relations, London School of Economics, vol. 56(1), pages 189-222, March.
    12. Becker, Sebastian, 2016. "Selection into Short-Time Work and Labor Market Outcomes after the Great Recession - Empirical Evidence using German Micro-Level Data," VfS Annual Conference 2016 (Augsburg): Demographic Change 145889, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.

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    Keywords

    Bundesrepublik Deutschland ; Beschäftigungseffekte ; IAB-Betriebspanel ; Kurzarbeit ; Kurzarbeitergeld ; Arbeitskräftehortung ; Wirtschaftskrise ; 2009-2010;
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