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Identifying Genuine Effects in Observational Research by Means of Meta-Regressions


  • Stephan B. Bruns

    () (Max Planck Institute of Economics, Jena)


Meta-regression models are increasingly utilized to integrate empirical results across studies while controlling for the potential threats of data-mining and publication bias. We propose extended meta-regression models and evaluate their performance in identifying genuine em- pirical effects by means of a comprehensive simulation study for various scenarios that are prevalent in empirical economics. We can show that the meta-regression models here pro- posed systematically outperform the prior gold standard of meta-regression analysis of re- gression coefficients. Most meta-regression models are robust to the presence of publication bias, but data-mining bias leads to seriously inflated type I errors and has to be addressed explicitly.

Suggested Citation

  • Stephan B. Bruns, 2013. "Identifying Genuine Effects in Observational Research by Means of Meta-Regressions," Jena Economic Research Papers 2013-040, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena.
  • Handle: RePEc:jrp:jrpwrp:2013-040

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Uwe Cantner & Ivan Savin, 2014. "Do Firms Benefit from Complementarity Effect in R&D and What Drives their R&D Strategy Choices?," Jena Economic Research Papers 2014-023, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena.
    2. Bouoiyour, Jamal & Selmi, Refk, 2014. "How Does Exchange Rate Uncertainty interact with International Trade? A Meta-Analysis Revisited," MPRA Paper 56201, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item


    Meta-regression; meta-analysis; publication bias; data mining; Monte Carlo simulatio;

    JEL classification:

    • C12 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Hypothesis Testing: General
    • C15 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Statistical Simulation Methods: General
    • C40 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - General

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