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The Great Compression of the French Wage Structure, 1969-2008

  • Verdugo, Gregory


    (Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne)

Wage inequality decreased continuously in France from 1969 to 2008. In contrast to the US and the UK, this period was also characterised by a substantial increase in the educational attainment of the labour force. This paper investigates whether differences in the timing of educational expansion over the last forty years can explain the divergent evolution of upper tail wage inequality in France relative to other countries. Using a model with imperfect substitution between experience groups, the estimates suggest that the rapid increase in the supply of educated workers during the 1970s and 1990s produced a substantial decline in the skill premium within cohorts. As a result, between a third and half of the decline in wage inequality at the top of the distribution in France during this period is explained by the increase in the educational attainment of the labour force.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 8088.

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Length: 47 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2014
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Labour Economics, 2014, 28, 131-144
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp8088
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