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The Slowdown in the Economic Assimilation of Immigrants: Aging and Cohort Effects Revisited Again

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  • George J. Borjas

Abstract

This paper examines the evolution of immigrant earnings in the United States between 1970 and 2010. There are cohort effects not only in wage levels, with more recent cohorts having lower entry wages through 1990, but also in the rate of wage growth, with more recent cohorts experiencing less economic assimilation. The slowdown in assimilation is partly related to a concurrent decline in the rate at which the new immigrants add to their human capital stock, as measured by English language proficiency. The data also suggest that larger national origin groups experience less economic assimilation.

Suggested Citation

  • George J. Borjas, 2015. "The Slowdown in the Economic Assimilation of Immigrants: Aging and Cohort Effects Revisited Again," Journal of Human Capital, University of Chicago Press, vol. 9(4), pages 483-517.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucp:jhucap:doi:10.1086/676461
    DOI: 10.1086/676461
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Derek Neal, 2004. "The Measured Black-White Wage Gap among Women Is Too Small," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 112(S1), pages 1-28, February.
    2. Erling Barth & Bernt Bratsberg & Oddbjørn Raaum, 2004. "Identifying Earnings Assimilation of Immigrants under Changing Macroeconomic Conditions," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 106(1), pages 1-22, March.
    3. Yoram Ben-Porath, 1967. "The Production of Human Capital and the Life Cycle of Earnings," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 75, pages 352-352.
    4. Robert F. Schoeni, 1997. "New Evidence on the Economic Progress of Foreign-Born Men in the 1970s and 1980s," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 32(4), pages 683-740.
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    Cited by:

    1. Bertoli, Simone & Dequiedt, Vianney & Zenou, Yves, 2016. "Can selective immigration policies reduce migrants' quality?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 119(C), pages 100-109.
    2. Barbieri, Paolo Nicola, 2016. "The heterogeneity in immigrants unhealthy assimilation," MPRA Paper 71560, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. J. David Brown & John S. Earle & Mee Jung Kim & Kyung Min Lee, 2019. "Immigrant Entrepreneurs and Innovation in the U.S. High-Tech Sector," NBER Chapters, in: The Roles of Immigrants and Foreign Students in U.S. Science, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Giuntella, Osea & Stella, Luca, 2016. "The Acceleration of Immigrant Unhealthy Assimilation," IZA Discussion Papers 9664, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    5. Ingwersen, Kai & Thomsen, Stephan L, 2019. "The Immigrant-Native Wage Gap in Germany Revisited," Hannover Economic Papers (HEP) dp-653, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät.
    6. Nonna Kushnirovich, 2019. "Labor Market Integration of Skilled Immigrants," Journal of International Migration and Integration, Springer, vol. 20(4), pages 1055-1070, November.
    7. Jain, Apoorva & Peter, Klara Sabirianova, 2017. "Limits to Wage Growth: Understanding the Wage Divergence between Immigrants and Natives," IZA Discussion Papers 10891, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    8. repec:kap:reveho:v:17:y:2019:i:1:d:10.1007_s11150-017-9400-2 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Peri, Giovanni, 2018. "Did immigration contribute to wage stagnation of unskilled workers?," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(2), pages 356-365.
    10. Gil S. Epstein & Odelia Heizler (Cohen), 2016. "Networks in the Diaspora," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1604, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
    11. Maryna Tverdostup & Tiiu Paas, 2017. "The Role Of Cognitive Skills And Their Use At Work In Explaining The Immigrant-Native Wage Gap," University of Tartu - Faculty of Economics and Business Administration Working Paper Series 104, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu (Estonia).
    12. Marigee Bacolod & Marcos A. Rangel, 2017. "Economic Assimilation and Skill Acquisition: Evidence From the Occupational Sorting of Childhood Immigrants," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 54(2), pages 571-602, April.
    13. Gil S. Epstein & Odelia Heizler (Cohen), 2016. "The formation of networks in the diaspora," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 37(7), pages 1136-1153, October.
    14. Joni Hersch & Jennifer Bennett Shinall, 2018. "Imputation Match Bias in Immigrant Wage Convergence," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 55(4), pages 1475-1485, August.
    15. Laliberté, Jean-William, 2019. "Language skill acquisition in immigrant social networks: Evidence from Australia," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 35-45.
    16. Giuntella, Osea, 2017. "Why does the health of Mexican immigrants deteriorate? New evidence from linked birth records," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 1-16.
    17. Jain, Apoorva & Peter, Klara Sabirianova, 2017. "A Joint Hazard-Longitudinal Model of the Timing of Migration, Immigrant Quality, and Labor Market Assimilation," IZA Discussion Papers 10887, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    18. Dostie, Benoit & Javdani, Mohsen, 2019. "Immigrants and Workplace Training: Evidence from Canadian Linked Employer Employee Data," IZA Discussion Papers 12511, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    19. repec:qba:annpro:v:26:y:2016:id:1128 is not listed on IDEAS

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