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Part-Time Unemployment and Optimal Unemployment Insurance

Author

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  • Ek Spector, Susanne

    () (Confederation of Swedish Enterprise)

  • Holmlund, Bertil

    () (Uppsala University)

Abstract

A significant fraction of the labor force consists of employed workers who are part-time unemployed (underemployed) in the sense that they are unable to work as much as they prefer. This paper develops a search and matching model to study the design of optimal unemployment insurance in an economy with unemployment as well as part-time unemployment. Part-time unemployment provides income insurance and serves as a stepping stone to full-time jobs. Unemployment benefits for part-timers increase the outflow from unemployment to part-time work but reduce the outflow from part-time work to full-time employment. We examine the optimal structure of benefits for unemployed and underemployed workers. The results indicate non-negligible welfare gains associated with time limits for unemployment benefits as well as for part-time benefits. The welfare gains from optimal UI are larger when wages are fixed than when they are flexible.

Suggested Citation

  • Ek Spector, Susanne & Holmlund, Bertil, 2011. "Part-Time Unemployment and Optimal Unemployment Insurance," IZA Discussion Papers 5540, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp5540
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Kyyrä, Tomi & Parrotta, Pierpaolo & Rosholm, Michael, 2013. "The effect of receiving supplementary UI benefits on unemployment duration," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(C), pages 122-133.
    2. Caliendo, Marco & Künn, Steffen & Uhlendorff, Arne, 2016. "Earnings exemptions for unemployed workers: The relationship between marginal employment, unemployment duration and job quality," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 177-193.
    3. Anna Godøy & Knut Røed, 2016. "Unemployment Insurance and Underemployment," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 30(2), pages 158-179, June.
    4. Susanne Ek Spector, 2015. "Should unemployment insurance cover partial unemployment?," IZA World of Labor, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), pages 199-199, October.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    part-time unemployment; unemployment insurance; job search;

    JEL classification:

    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • J65 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment Insurance; Severance Pay; Plant Closings

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