IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Cap and Trade under Transactions Costs and Factor Irreversibility

  • Singh, Rajesh
  • Weninger, Quinn

We study production capacity utilization and emission permit utilization in a model where firms jointly produce a valued good and an environmental bad, pollution. Firms are ex ante identical but experience random productivity shocks after factor employment. A regulator imposes a cap-and-trade policy to control pollution emissions. Trade in emission permits entails transactions costs which follow two specifications: constant per unit trading costs or fixed trading costs. Under constant per unit trading costs, the equilibrium outcome depends only on the total unit trading costs; the incidence of costs borne by buyers and sellers does not matter. Under fixed costs, both buyers' and sellers' costs matter. Under proportional costs permit trade always occurs, with either full or partial market clearing, as long as the total trading costs are below the permit trade surplus. With fixed costs, trade is either partial or non-existent. The implication is that firms fully utilize their production capacity for a range of proportional trading costs; capacity is never fully utilized under fixed costs. Under proportional costs, trade is impeded most, even with small costs, when the emission cap is either relatively high or low. There exists a non-monotonic relationship between the aggregate emissions cap and a lower bound for trading costs that obstruct or preclude trade. Under fixed costs, a similar relationship between emission cap and the cost threshold that precludes trade holds only if the output variance is exogenously fixed. Otherwise, the higher the emission cap the higher is this cost threshold. In contrast to proportional costs where capacity utilization decreases with productivity variance, the result is the opposite under fixed costs.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL: http://www.econ.iastate.edu/sites/default/files/publications/papers/p17453-2014-03-29.pdf
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by Iowa State University, Department of Economics in its series Staff General Research Papers with number 37453.

as
in new window

Length:
Date of creation: 29 Mar 2014
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:isu:genres:37453
Contact details of provider: Postal: Iowa State University, Dept. of Economics, 260 Heady Hall, Ames, IA 50011-1070
Phone: +1 515.294.6741
Fax: +1 515.294.0221
Web page: http://www.econ.iastate.edu
Email:


More information through EDIRC

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

as in new window
  1. Stavins Robert N., 1995. "Transaction Costs and Tradeable Permits," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 133-148, September.
  2. Singh, Rajesh & Weninger, Quinn, 2012. "Harvest Efficiency and Discards under Harvest Uncertainty and Trading Frictions," Staff General Research Papers 35039, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  3. Heindl, Peter, 2012. "Transaction costs and tradable permits: Empirical evidence from the EU emissions trading scheme," ZEW Discussion Papers 12-021, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  4. Lata Gangadharan, 2000. "Transaction Costs in Pollution Markets: An Empirical Study," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 76(4), pages 601-614.
  5. Montgomery, W. David, 1972. "Markets in licenses and efficient pollution control programs," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 5(3), pages 395-418, December.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:isu:genres:37453. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Stephanie Bridges)

The email address of this maintainer does not seem to be valid anymore. Please ask Stephanie Bridges to update the entry or send us the correct address

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.