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“La liberalización de las telecomunicaciones en España: control de la inflación y universalización del servicio”

  • Joan Calzada

    ()

    (Faculty of Economics, University of Barcelona)

  • Anton Costas

    ()

    (Faculty of Economics, University of Barcelona)

Los estudios sobre la liberalización han enfatizado la importancia de las presiones externas en el impulso a las reformas pro mercado. Sin negar esta influencia, en este trabajo sostenemos que son los intereses nacionales los que determinan la estrategia y ritmos de la liberalización. La liberalización de las telecomunicaciones realizada en España en el período 1987-2003 presenta diferencias significativas respecto a la de otros países de la UE. Esas diferencias están relacionadas con las estrategias que se adoptaron internamente al ver cómo la liberalización podía afectar a los objetivos de política económica general. El artículo destaca la existencia de dos tipos de conflictos. En primer lugar, la tensión entre, por un lado, la necesidad de universalizar el acceso al servicio y, por otro, la de reducir los precios de las telecomunicaciones con el objetivo de controlar la inflación. En segundo lugar, los reformadores españoles tuvieron que escoger entre un modelo de competencia intraplataforma que permitiera a los entrantes utilizar la red de Telefónica a precios reducidos y asegurase rápidas reducciones de precios o un modelo de competencia inter-plataforma que fomentase la inversión, la competencia tecnológica y el bienestar a largo plazo. La consideración de estos conflictos internos es clave para entender la economía política de la política española de telecomunicaciones. Nuestra conclusión es que la liberalización en España se vio frenada cuando entró en conflicto con objetivos de interés general internos, pero se aceleró cuando fue percibida como un instrumento útil para el logro de los interesas nacionales.

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File URL: http://www.ub.edu/irea/working_papers/2013/201310.pdf
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Paper provided by University of Barcelona, Research Institute of Applied Economics in its series IREA Working Papers with number 201310.

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Length: 41 pages
Date of creation: May 2013
Date of revision: May 2013
Handle: RePEc:ira:wpaper:201310
Contact details of provider: Postal: Tinent Coronel Valenzuela, Num 1-11 08034 Barcelona
Web page: http://www.ub.edu/irea/

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