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Environmental Regulation and Investment: Evidence from European Industries

  • Andrea M. Leiter

    ()

  • Arno Parolini

    ()

  • Hannes Winner

    ()

This paper contributes to the empirical literature on the relationship between environmental regulation and firm behavior. In particular, we ask whether and how strongly investment decisions of firms respond to stringency in environmental regulation. Environmental stringency is measured as (i) an industry's total current expenditure on environmental protection, and (ii) a country's revenue from environmental taxes. Focusing on European industry level data between 1995 and 2005, we estimate the differential impact of environmental stringency on four types of investment: gross investment in tangible goods, in new buildings, in machinery, and in `productive' investment (investment in tangible goods minus investment in abatement technologies). Both environmental variables enter positively, and their quadratic terms exhibit significantly negative parameter estimates. This, in turn, indicates a positive but diminishing impact of environmental regulation on investment.

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File URL: http://eeecon.uibk.ac.at/wopec2/repec/inn/wpaper/2009-04.pdf
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Paper provided by Faculty of Economics and Statistics, University of Innsbruck in its series Working Papers with number 2009-04.

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Length: 41
Date of creation: Mar 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:inn:wpaper:2009-04
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Web page: http://www.uibk.ac.at/fakultaeten/volkswirtschaft_und_statistik/index.html.en
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