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Pollution Havens and Industrial Agglomeration

Author

Listed:
  • Dao-Zhi Zeng

    (Graduate School of Management, Kagawa University, Japan)

  • Laixun Zhao

    (Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration (RIEB), Kobe University, Japan)

Abstract

Pollution-intensive industries are generally characterized by imperfect competition, increasing returns to scale and large transportation costs. We investigate two countries, N and S, each with two sectors. Manufacturing generates cross-border pollution which reduces agricultural production. Firms can freely move across country borders, but not workers. First, we show that pollution lowers local income since it reduces agricultural production. This income-reduction effect discourages firms to move to the country with laxer environmental regulations that generate more pollution. Second, our analysis demonstrates that manufacturing agglomeration forces can alleviate the pollution haven effect. And a pollution haven may not arise, if environmental regulation is slightly more stringent in the larger country N than in the smaller country S. These results are strongly supported by recent empirical findings. In addition, the model predictions call for international cooperation of environmental policies, especially when trade becomes freer.

Suggested Citation

  • Dao-Zhi Zeng & Laixun Zhao, 2006. "Pollution Havens and Industrial Agglomeration," Discussion Paper Series 197, Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration, Kobe University.
  • Handle: RePEc:kob:dpaper:197
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Pollution; Industrial Agglomeration; Trade Costs;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • R3 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location

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