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Explaining the Time-varying Effects Of Oil Market Shocks On U.S. Stock Returns

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  • Claudia Foroni
  • Pierre Guérin
  • Massimiliano Marcellino

Abstract

This paper documents time-variation in the relation between oil price and U.S. equity returns based on both reduced-form and structural analyses. Our reduced-form analysis suggests that a positive correlation between equity returns and oil price has emerged starting from the financial crisis. Based on our structural analysis, we find that oil-specific demand shocks have had positive effects on the U.S. stock market since 2008 as opposed to oil supply shocks, which have no large effects on stock re turns. We also show that the time variation in the parameters of the structural VAR is very well explained by the level of the U.S. short-term interest rate and shifts in consumer confidence. Keywords: Stock Returns, Oil Market Shocks, Time-varying Parameter VAR. JEL Classification Code: G12, Q43, C32.

Suggested Citation

  • Claudia Foroni & Pierre Guérin & Massimiliano Marcellino, 2017. "Explaining the Time-varying Effects Of Oil Market Shocks On U.S. Stock Returns," Working Papers 597, IGIER (Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research), Bocconi University.
  • Handle: RePEc:igi:igierp:597
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    8. Kang, Wensheng & Ratti, Ronald A. & Yoon, Kyung Hwan, 2015. "Time-varying effect of oil market shocks on the stock market," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 61(S2), pages 150-163.
    9. Jing Cynthia Wu & Fan Dora Xia, 2016. "Measuring the Macroeconomic Impact of Monetary Policy at the Zero Lower Bound," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 48(2-3), pages 253-291, March.
    10. Jordi Galí & Luca Gambetti, 2015. "The Effects of Monetary Policy on Stock Market Bubbles: Some Evidence," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 7(1), pages 233-257, January.
    11. Lutz Kilian, 2009. "Not All Oil Price Shocks Are Alike: Disentangling Demand and Supply Shocks in the Crude Oil Market," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 99(3), pages 1053-1069, June.
    12. Edelstein, Paul & Kilian, Lutz, 2009. "How sensitive are consumer expenditures to retail energy prices?," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(6), pages 766-779, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Brice V. Dupoyet & Corey A. Shank, 2018. "Oil prices implied volatility or direction: Which matters more to financial markets?," Financial Markets and Portfolio Management, Springer;Swiss Society for Financial Market Research, vol. 32(3), pages 275-295, August.
    2. Zeina Alsalman, 0. "Does the source of oil supply shock matter in explaining the behavior of U.S. consumer spending and sentiment?," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 0, pages 1-28.
    3. Mushtaq Hussain Khan & Junaid Ahmed & Mazhar Mughal, 2020. "Oil Price Volatility and Stock Returns: Evidence from Three Oil-price Wars," PIDE-Working Papers 2020:22, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
    4. Sa Xu & Ziqing Du & Hai Zhang, 2020. "Can Crude Oil Serve as a Hedging Asset for Underlying Securities?—Research on the Heterogenous Correlation between Crude Oil and Stock Index," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(12), pages 1-19, June.
    5. Liu, Zhenhua & Tseng, Hui-Kuan & Wu, Jy S. & Ding, Zhihua, 2020. "Implied volatility relationships between crude oil and the U.S. stock markets: Dynamic correlation and spillover effects," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 66(C).
    6. Mohammad Sharik Essa & Evangelos Giouvris, 2020. "Oil Price, Oil Price Implied Volatility (OVX) and Illiquidity Premiums in the US: (A)symmetry and the Impact of Macroeconomic Factors," Journal of Risk and Financial Management, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(4), pages 1-40, April.
    7. Eraslan, Sercan & Menla Ali, Faek, 2018. "Oil price shocks and stock return volatility: New evidence based on volatility impulse response analysis," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 172(C), pages 59-62.
    8. Huang, Wanling & Mollick, Andre Varella, 2020. "Tight oil, real WTI prices and U.S. stock returns," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 85(C).
    9. Zhenhua Liu & Zhihua Ding & Tao Lv & Jy S. Wu & Wei Qiang, 2019. "Financial factors affecting oil price change and oil-stock interactions: a review and future perspectives," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 95(1), pages 207-225, January.
    10. Eraslan, Sercan & Ali, Faek Menla, 2018. "Oil price shocks and stock return volatility: New evidence based on volatility impulse response analysis," Discussion Papers 38/2018, Deutsche Bundesbank.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy
    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models

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