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Capital Account Liberalization and Economic Growth in Developing Economies: An Empirical Investigation

Author

Listed:
  • Soumia Zenasni

    () (University of Tlemcen, Algeria)

  • Abderrezak Benhabib

    () (University of Tlemcen, Algeria)

Abstract

The objective of this paper is to investigate the empirical relationship between capital account liberalization and economic growth in three Maghreb countries (Algeria, Mo- rocco, and Tunisia) using the GMM technique. The study of this relationship has al- ways been of particular interest (Alesina and al 1994; De Gregorio 1996; Edwards 2001; Agénor 2001; Ishii and Habermeier 2002; Prasad and al. 2003; Buiter and Taci 2003; Henry 2007; Dhrifi 2009; Eichengreen, Gullapalli and Panizza 2009; Bakare A. S. 2011; Vithessonthi and Tongurai 2012). The results are mitigated and can be classified into two categories: negative and positive effects. As a matter of fact, some authors have showed that capital account liberalization hasn't a significant effect on economic growth (Grilli and Milesi-Ferretti 1995; Rodrick 1998; Kraay 1998; O'Donnell 2001; Edison and al. 2002). On the contrary, several theoretical and empirical studies assert that capital account liberalization can help countries to improve significantly their eco- nomic growth rate (Gurley and Shaw 1955, McKinnon 1973; Quinn 1997; Levine and Zervos 1998; Chan-Lau and Chen 2001; Bekaert and al. 2005; Levchenko and al. 2008; Mensi and al. 2010, Hassana, Sanchezb & Yu 2011). The estimation results show that capital account liberalization is a good factor in fostering economic growth in Maghreb countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Soumia Zenasni & Abderrezak Benhabib, 2013. "Capital Account Liberalization and Economic Growth in Developing Economies: An Empirical Investigation," Global Financial Markets Working Paper Series 40-2012, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena.
  • Handle: RePEc:hlj:hljwrp:40-2012
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    Keywords

    capital account liberalization; financial development; economic growth; Maghreb countries; GMM technique;

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models

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