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The Effect of Financial Liberalization on the Economic Development Process in case of Inefficient Banking


  • Nabi, Mahmoud Sami
  • Rajhi, Taoufik


In this essay we develop a stylized model to investigate the role of external financial liberalization in the development process of a small economy. Firstly, we show that there exists an economic development threshold under which the capital account liberalization can not occur. Secondly, we show that in the presence of banking inefficiency, the financial liberalization presents a major risk for the economic development process. Indeed, if the economy is situated in a vulnerability region every bad performance of the investment sector could degenerate in a banking crisis delaying the development process by several periods relatively to the situation of closed economy. Finally, it is also shown that reducing the credit market imperfection decreases the likelihood of a banking crisis.

Suggested Citation

  • Nabi, Mahmoud Sami & Rajhi, Taoufik, 2002. "The Effect of Financial Liberalization on the Economic Development Process in case of Inefficient Banking," MPRA Paper 24514, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:24514

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Greenwood, Jeremy & Jovanovic, Boyan, 1990. "Financial Development, Growth, and the Distribution of Income," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 98(5), pages 1076-1107, October.
    2. Philippe Bacchetta & Eric van Wincoop, 2000. "Capital Flows to Emerging Markets: Liberalization, Overshooting, and Volatility," NBER Chapters,in: Capital Flows and the Emerging Economies: Theory, Evidence, and Controversies, pages 61-98 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Philip Arestis, 2002. "Financial crisis in Southeast Asia: dispelling illusion the Minskyan way," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 26(2), pages 237-260, March.
    4. Ben Bernanke & Mark Gertler, 1990. "Financial Fragility and Economic Performance," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 105(1), pages 87-114.
    5. By Jorge A. Chan-Lau & Zhaohui Chen, 2001. "Crash-Free Sequencing Strategies for Financial Development and Liberalization," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 48(1), pages 1-7.
    6. Russell W. Cooper & Dean Corbae, 2001. "Financial collapse and active monetary policy: a lesson from the Great Depression," Staff Report 289, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
    7. McKinnon, Ronald I & Pill, Huw, 1997. "Credible Economic Liberalizations and Overborrowing," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(2), pages 189-193, May.
    8. Taoufik Rajhi & Michel Guillard, 1994. "Une note sur les liens entre croissance et taux d'intérêt," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 45(3), pages 751-766.
    9. Bailliu, Jeannine N., 2000. "Private Capital Flows, Financial Development, and Economic Growth in Developing Countries," Staff Working Papers 00-15, Bank of Canada.
    10. Kiminori Matsuyama, 2000. "Financial Market Globalization and Endogenous Inequality of Nations," Discussion Papers 1300, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
    11. N. Gregory Mankiw, 1986. "The Allocation of Credit and Financial Collapse," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 101(3), pages 455-470.
    12. Philippe AGHION & Philippe BACCHETTA & Abhijit BANERJEE, 1998. "Financial Liberalization and Volatility in Emerging Market Economies," Cahiers de Recherches Economiques du Département d'Econométrie et d'Economie politique (DEEP) 9811, Université de Lausanne, Faculté des HEC, DEEP.
    13. Jeffrey H. Nilsen & Riccardo Rovelli, 1999. "Modering Financial Fragility In Transition Economies," Working Papers 99.03, Swiss National Bank, Study Center Gerzensee.
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    Cited by:

    1. Soumia Zenasni & Abderrezak Benhabib, 2013. "Capital Account Liberalization and Economic Growth in Developing Economies: An Empirical Investigation," Global Financial Markets Working Paper Series 40-2012, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena.

    More about this item


    Banking efficiency; capital account liberalization; confidence crisis; economic development;

    JEL classification:

    • F34 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Lending and Debt Problems
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance


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