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Latin American Financial Development In Perspective

Author

Listed:
  • Alicia García Herrero

    (Bank of Spain)

  • Javier Santillan Fraile

    (Bank of Spain)

  • Sonsoles Gallego Herrero

    (Bank of Sapain)

  • Lucía Cuadro Sáez

    (Bank of Spain)

  • Carlos Egea Martínez

    (Bank of Spain)

Abstract

This paper assesses financial sector development in Latin America, both in the banking system and in the capital markets. After a brief review of the explanatory factors and the definitions of financial development found in the literature, Latin American countries are classified in groups of similar characteristics by using cluster analysis - first worldwide and second within the region - in terms of financial depth and per capita income. In the worldwide exercise, virtually all Latin American countries appear in the same cluster, which argues in favor of a regional dimension in financial development. A comparison of the Asian and Eastern European emerging regions shows that Latin America lags behind Asia in terms of financial development and compares slightly unfavorably with Eastern Europe. In the regional cluster exercise, four relatively homogeneous groups of Latin American countries are found. Stylized facts of the four groups’ banking sectors and capital markets show - in line with the results of the more recent economic literature - that those countries which have deeper financial systems are also those with a more efficient financial system. Although no conclusions on causality can be drawn from this review, it argues in favor of a virtuous circle, in terms of financial depth and efficiency, for countries with the most appropriate structure of the financial system.

Suggested Citation

  • Alicia García Herrero & Javier Santillan Fraile & Sonsoles Gallego Herrero & Lucía Cuadro Sáez & Carlos Egea Martínez, 2003. "Latin American Financial Development In Perspective," Finance 0304008, EconWPA.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpfi:0304008 Note: Type of Document - Acrobat PDF; prepared on PC; to print on HP; pages: 69 ; figures: included
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Thomas Gries & Manfred Kraft & Daniel Meierrieks, 2011. "Financial deepening, trade openness and economic growth in Latin America and the Caribbean," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(30), pages 4729-4739.
    2. Sonsoles Gallego & Alicia García Herrero & Jesús Saurina, 2002. "The Asian and European Banking Systems: The Case of Spain in the Quest for Develpoment and Stability," Working Papers 0217, Banco de España;Working Papers Homepage.
    3. Dorrucci, Ettore & Firpo, Stefano & Mongelli, Francesco Paolo & Fratzscher, Marcel, 2002. "European integration: what lessons for other regions? The case of Latin America," Working Paper Series 0185, European Central Bank.
    4. Alicia Garcia Herrero & Sonsoles Gallego Herrero & Cristina Luna Abella, 2004. "Investing In The Financial Sector Of Emerging Countries: Potential Risk And How To Manage Them," International Finance 0404015, EconWPA.
    5. Carton, Christine & Ronquillo, Cely, 2008. "Determinantes del crecimiento económico e intermediación bancaria: un análisis empírico para países latinoamericanos
      [Determinants of economic growth and bank intermediation: empirical analysis for
      ," MPRA Paper 15514, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 25 Nov 2008.
    6. Alicia Garcia-Herrero & Daniel Navia Simon, 2006. "Why Banks go to Emerging Countries and What is the Impact for the Home Economy? A Survey," Working Papers 0602, BBVA Bank, Economic Research Department.
    7. Abdourahmane Diaw, 2011. "The effect of mergers and acquisitions on shareholder wealth: the case of European banks
      [L'effet des fusions et acquisitions sur la richesse des actionnaires: le cas des banques européennes]
      ," Post-Print hal-01184673, HAL.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial development; Latin American financial systems; cluster analysis;

    JEL classification:

    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General
    • C82 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Macroeconomic Data; Data Access

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