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Higher Education and the Determination of Aggregate Male Employment by Age

  • Stenberg, Anders

    ()

    (Department of Economics, Umeå University)

  • Wikström, Magnus

    ()

    (Department of Economics, Umeå University)

This paper studies the determinants of age-specific employment rates among Swedish males, focusing on the effect of education on employment. We use cohort specific data for the time period 1984-1996 covering cohorts aged 21-45. Two states of the labour market are compared; the high employment period 1984-90 and the recent downturn 1991-96. It is found that aggregate age-group specific employment rates increase with the proportion of the cohort with an academic degree. The effect is stronger in the downturn period as compared to the boom period. However, we do not find any strong evidence in favour of the hypothesis that the effect of higher education on employment is declining with age. Estimations to capture crowding out effects between age-groups indicate larger effects in times of high employment when the own cohort effect is weaker.

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Paper provided by Umeå University, Department of Economics in its series Umeå Economic Studies with number 520.

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Length: 21 pages
Date of creation: 01 Sep 2000
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:umnees:0520
Contact details of provider: Postal: Department of Economics, Umeå University, S-901 87 Umeå, Sweden
Phone: 090 - 786 61 42
Fax: 090 - 77 23 02
Web page: http://www.econ.umu.se/
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  1. Saint-Paul, Gilles, 1994. "Unemployment and Increasing Returns to Human Capital," CEPR Discussion Papers 921, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Nickell, Stephen, 1979. "Education and Lifetime Patterns of Unemployment," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(5), pages S117-31, October.
  3. Saint-Paul, Gilles, 1996. "Are the unemployed unemployable?," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 40(7), pages 1501-1519, August.
  4. Michael L. Wachter & Choongsoo Kim, 1979. "Time Series Changes in Youth Joblessness," NBER Working Papers 0384, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Layard, Richard & Nickell, Stephen & Jackman, Richard, 1991. "Unemployment: Macroeconomic Performance and the Labour Market," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198284345, March.
  6. McKenna, C. J., 1996. "Education and the distribution of unemployment," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 12(1), pages 113-132, April.
  7. Gregg, Paul & Manning, Alan, 1997. "Skill-biassed change, unemployment and wage inequality," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 41(6), pages 1173-1200, June.
  8. Zimmermann, Klaus F, 1991. "Ageing and the Labor Market: Age Structure, Cohort Size and Unemployment," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 4(3), pages 177-200, August.
  9. Teulings, Coen & Koopmanschap, Marc, 1989. "An econometric model of crowding out of lower education levels," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 33(8), pages 1653-1664, October.
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