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Desempleo juvenil en la Argentina durante la recuperación económica


  • Jorge A. Paz



During the economic recovery observed in Argentina since 2003 has occurred an evident reduction of unemployment in general and youth unemployment in particular. The unemployment rate for all ages fell from 15% in 2003 to 7% in 2011. Meanwhile, the unemployment rate of young people between 18 to 24 years old fell from 30% to 18% between those years. However, nearly 9 years of recovery, still remain significant gaps between groups defined by age, gender and educational level, among other socio-demographic variables critical to public policy. Perhaps the most important of these gaps is that between youth and adults in central ages, which is analyzed in this paper. Using data from the Household Survey for the period 2003-2011, we examine the evolution and level of traditional indicators of labor market (labor force participation, employment and unemployment) and perform a multivariate analysis to examine the factors related to both the level of youth unemployment and its change between 2003/2004 and 2010/2011. The factors determining the change in the rate of youth unemployment are grouped into those for the own young (age, gender, education and school attendance), their family (mainly socio-economic level), and geographical environment of the household that lives (region of residence). Are tested several hypotheses related to state dependency, that is, how the educational situation and recent work, impact on youth unemployment.

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  • Jorge A. Paz, 2012. "Desempleo juvenil en la Argentina durante la recuperación económica," Working Papers 9, Instituto de Estudios Laborales y del Desarrollo Económico (IELDE) - Universidad Nacional de Salta - Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Jurídicas y Sociales.
  • Handle: RePEc:slt:wpaper:9

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Richard B. Freeman & David A. Wise, 1982. "The Youth Labor Market Problem: Its Nature Causes and Consequences," NBER Chapters,in: The Youth Labor Market Problem: Its Nature, Causes, and Consequences, pages 1-16 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Nordström Skans, Oskar, 2011. "Scarring Effects of the First Labor Market Experience," IZA Discussion Papers 5565, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Maurizio, Roxana, 2011. "Trayectorias laborales de los jóvenes en Argentina: ¿dificultades en el mercado de trabajo o carrera laboral ascendente?," Macroeconomía del Desarrollo 109, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    4. Jorge A. Paz, 2004. "Education, Gender and Youth in the labor market in Argentina," CEMA Working Papers: Serie Documentos de Trabajo. 272, Universidad del CEMA.
    5. Light, Audrey & Ureta, Manuelita, 1992. "Panel Estimates of Male and Female Job Turnover Behavior: Can Female Nonquitters Be Identified?," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 10(2), pages 156-181, April.
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    More about this item


    Youth unemployment; Fluctuations; Argentina;

    JEL classification:

    • J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion
    • J78 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Public Policy (including comparable worth)
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles

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