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Robustness to Strategic Uncertainty

  • Andersson, Ola


    (Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN))

  • Argenton, Cédric


    (CentER & TILEC)

  • Weibull, Jörgen W.


    (Stockholm School of Economics)

In games with continuum strategy sets, we model a player’s uncertainty about another player’s strategy, as an atomless probability distribution over the other player’s strategy set. We call a strategy profile (strictly) robust to strategic uncertainty if it is the limit, as uncertainty vanishes, of some sequence (all sequences) of strategy profiles in which every player’s strategy is optimal under his or her uncertainty about the others. General properties of this robustness criterion are derived and it is shown that it is a refinement of Nash equilibrium when payoff functions are continuous. We apply the criterion to a class of Bertrand competition games. These are discontinuous games that admit a continuum of Nash equilibria. Our robustness criterion selects a unique Nash equilibrium, and this selection agrees with recent experimental findings.

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Paper provided by Research Institute of Industrial Economics in its series Working Paper Series with number 910.

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Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: 30 Mar 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hhs:iuiwop:0910
Contact details of provider: Postal: Research Institute of Industrial Economics, Box 55665, SE-102 15 Stockholm, Sweden
Phone: +46 8 665 4500
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