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Coalition-proof Bertrand equilibria

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  • Prabal Chowdhury
  • Kunal Sengupta

Abstract

This paper examines the coalition-proof Nash equilibria of a Bertrand model of price competition where firms supply all demand. When firms are asymmetric we prove existence and provide a sufficient condition for uniqueness. For symmetric firms, we show that an equilibrium is necessarily unique. We also examine whether this unique equilibrium outcome is implementable through a sequential move game where the firms take turns at announcing prices. Finally we examine the limiting property of such equilibria as the number of firms go to infinity. Copyright Springer-Verlag Berlin/Heidelberg 2004

Suggested Citation

  • Prabal Chowdhury & Kunal Sengupta, 2004. "Coalition-proof Bertrand equilibria," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 24(2), pages 307-324, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:joecth:v:24:y:2004:i:2:p:307-324
    DOI: 10.1007/s00199-003-0420-1
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Marie-Laure Cabon-Dhersin & Nicolas Drouhin, 2021. "Chamberlin without differentiation: Soft-capacity constrained price competition with free entry," Working Papers halshs-03378500, HAL.
    2. Roy Chowdhury, Prabal, 2009. "Bertrand competition with non-rigid capacity constraints," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 103(1), pages 55-58, April.
    3. R. R. Routledge, 2017. "Information, ambiguity and price equilibrium," Economic Theory Bulletin, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 5(2), pages 199-214, October.
    4. Juan Delgado, 2006. "Coalition-proof supply function equilibria under capacity constraints," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 29(1), pages 219-229, September.
    5. Andersson, Ola & Argenton, Cédric & Weibull, Jörgen W., 2014. "Robustness to strategic uncertainty," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 85(C), pages 272-288.
    6. R. R. Routledge & R. A. Edwards, 2020. "Ambiguity and price competition," Theory and Decision, Springer, vol. 88(2), pages 231-256, March.
    7. Marie-Laure Cabon-Dhersin & Nicolas Drouhin, 2020. "A general model of price competition with soft capacity constraints," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 70(1), pages 95-120, July.
    8. R. A. Edwards & R. R. Routledge, 2023. "Existence and uniqueness of Nash equilibrium in discontinuous Bertrand games: a complete characterization," International Journal of Game Theory, Springer;Game Theory Society, vol. 52(2), pages 569-586, June.
    9. Andersson, Ola & Argenton, Cédric & Weibull, Jörgen, 2010. "Robustness to strategic uncertainty in price competition," SSE/EFI Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance 0726, Stockholm School of Economics, revised 08 Apr 2010.
    10. Marie-Laure Cabon-Dhersin & Nicolas Drouhin, 2010. "The end of the Bertrand Paradox ?," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00542486, HAL.
    11. Roy Chowdhury, Prabal, 2009. "Free Entry Bertrand Competition," MPRA Paper 17837, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    12. Marie-Laure Cabon-Dhersin & Nicolas Drouhin, 2022. "Chamberlin without differentiation: Soft-capacity constrained price competition with free entry," Post-Print halshs-03378500, HAL.
    13. R. R. Routledge, 2013. "On the existence of coalition-proof Bertrand equilibrium," Economic Theory Bulletin, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 1(1), pages 21-31, May.
    14. Cumbul, Eray & Virág, Gábor, 2018. "Multilateral limit pricing in price-setting games," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 111(C), pages 250-273.
    15. Roy Chowdhury, Prabal, 2009. "Mixed Duopoly with Price Competition," MPRA Paper 9220, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. Chia-Hung Sun & Fu-Chuan Lai, 2013. "Hotelling was right with decreasing returns to scale and a coalition-proof refinement," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 50(3), pages 953-971, June.
    17. Marie‐Laure Cabon‐Dhersin & Nicolas Drouhin, 2023. "Chamberlin without differentiation: Soft capacity constrained price competition with free entry," International Journal of Economic Theory, The International Society for Economic Theory, vol. 19(1), pages 118-126, March.
    18. Brishti Guha, 2017. "Moral hazard, Bertrand competition and natural monopoly," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 121(2), pages 153-171, June.
    19. Makoto Yano & Takashi Komatsubara, 2018. "Price competition or price leadership," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 66(4), pages 1023-1057, December.
    20. Arghya Ghosh & Manipushpak Mitra, 2014. "Reversal of Bertrand-Cournot Rankings in the Presence of Welfare Concerns," Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics (JITE), Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 170(3), pages 496-519, September.

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