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Environmental Kuznets Curve for carbon dioxide emissions: lack of robustness to heterogeneity?

Author

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  • Thomas Jobert

    (GREDEG - Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie et Gestion - UNS - Université Nice Sophia Antipolis (1965 - 2019) - COMUE UCA - COMUE Université Côte d'Azur (2015-2019) - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UCA - Université Côte d'Azur)

  • Fatih Karanfil

    (EconomiX - UPN - Université Paris Nanterre - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Anna Tykhonenko

    (GREDEG - Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie et Gestion - UNS - Université Nice Sophia Antipolis (1965 - 2019) - COMUE UCA - COMUE Université Côte d'Azur (2015-2019) - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UCA - Université Côte d'Azur)

Abstract

This paper focuses solely on the energy consumption, carbon dioxide ( 2 CO ) emissions and economic growth nexus applying the iterative Bayesian shrinkage procedure. The environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis is tested using this method for the first time in this literature and the results obtained suggest that: first, the EKC hypothesis is rejected for 49 out of the 51 countries considered when heterogeneity in countries' energy efficiencies and cross-country differences in the 2 CO emissions trajectories are accounted for; second, a classification of the results with respect to countries' development levels reveals that an overall inverted U-shape curve is due to the fact that increase in gross domestic product (GDP) in the high-income countries decreases emissions, while in the low-income countries it increases emissions.

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  • Thomas Jobert & Fatih Karanfil & Anna Tykhonenko, 2012. "Environmental Kuznets Curve for carbon dioxide emissions: lack of robustness to heterogeneity?," Working Papers halshs-00721675, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00721675
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Amjad Ali & Marc Audi & Ismail Senturk & Yannick Roussel, 2022. "Do Sectoral Growth Promote CO2 Emissions in Pakistan? Time Series Analysis in Presence of Structural Break," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 12(2), pages 410-425, March.
    2. Shahbaz, Muhammad & Sinha, Avik, 2019. "Environmental Kuznets Curve for CO2 emission: A survey of empirical literature," MPRA Paper 100257, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2019.
    3. Shahbaz, Muhammad & Shafiullah, Muhammad & Papavassiliou, Vassilios G. & Hammoudeh, Shawkat, 2017. "The CO2–growth nexus revisited: A nonparametric analysis for the G7 economies over nearly two centuries," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 183-193.
    4. Chien, Fengsheng & Anwar, Ahsan & Hsu, Ching-Chi & Sharif, Arshian & Razzaq, Asif & Sinha, Avik, 2021. "The role of information and communication technology in encountering environmental degradation: Proposing an SDG framework for the BRICS countries," Technology in Society, Elsevier, vol. 65(C).
    5. Muhammad Shahbaz & Avik Sinha, 2019. "Environmental Kuznets curve for CO2 emissions: a literature survey," Journal of Economic Studies, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 46(1), pages 106-168, January.
    6. Rabia Nawaz & Muhammad Azam & Hanzala Zulfiqar, 2020. "Economic Growth, Energy and Environmental Degradation Nexus: A Case Study in Pakistan," Journal of Economic Impact, Science Impact Publishers, vol. 2(1), pages 13-23.
    7. repec:ipg:wpaper:2014-522 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Lei Jin & Keran Duan & Chunming Shi & Xianwei Ju, 2017. "The Impact of Technological Progress in the Energy Sector on Carbon Emissions: An Empirical Analysis from China," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 14(12), pages 1-14, December.
    9. Thomas Jobert & Fatih Karanfil, 2012. "Formation and Deformation of the Environmental Kuznets Curve for CO2 Emissions," Chapters, in: Blandine Laperche & Nadine Levratto & Dimitri Uzunidis (ed.), Crisis, Innovation and Sustainable Development, chapter 11, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    10. Anwar, Ahsan & Siddique, Muhammad & Eyup Dogan, & Sharif, Arshian, 2021. "The moderating role of renewable and non-renewable energy in environment-income nexus for ASEAN countries: Evidence from Method of Moments Quantile Regression," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 164(C), pages 956-967.
    11. Shahbaz, Muhammad & Ozturk, Ilhan & Afza, Talat & Ali, Amjad, 2013. "Revisiting the environmental Kuznets curve in a global economy," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 494-502.
    12. Menegaki, Angeliki N. & Tsagarakis, Konstantinos P., 2015. "Rich enough to go renewable, but too early to leave fossil energy?," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 1465-1477.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Environmental Kuznets curve; Bayesian shrinkage estimator; Heterogeneity;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • O44 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Environment and Growth
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth

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