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On the impact of trade on industrial structures: The role of entry cost heterogeneity

Author

Listed:
  • Daisuke Oyama

    (Graduate School of Economics - Hitotsubashi University - Hitotsubashi University, PSE - Paris School of Economics)

  • Yasuhiro Sato

    (Graduate School of Economics - Osaka University - Osaka University [Osaka])

  • Takatoshi Tabuchi

    (Faculty of Economics - University of Tokyo - The University of Tokyo)

  • Jacques-François Thisse

    (PSE - Paris School of Economics, CORE - Center of Operation Research and Econometrics [Louvain] - UCL - Université Catholique de Louvain, CEPR - Centre for Economic Policy Research - Centre for Economic Policy Research, PJSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

This paper investigates the impacts of progressive trade openness, technological externalities, and heterogeneity of individuals on the formation of entrepreneurship in a two-country occupation choice model. We show that trade opening gives rise to a non-monotonic process of international specialization, in which the share of entrepreneurial firms in the large (small) country first increases (decreases) and then decreases (increases), with the global economy exhibiting first de-industrialization and then re-industrialization. When countries have the same size, we also show that strong technological externalities make the symmetric equilibrium unstable, generating equilibrium multiplicity, while sufficient heterogeneity of individuals leads to the stability and uniqueness of the symmetric equilibrium.

Suggested Citation

  • Daisuke Oyama & Yasuhiro Sato & Takatoshi Tabuchi & Jacques-François Thisse, 2009. "On the impact of trade on industrial structures: The role of entry cost heterogeneity," PSE Working Papers halshs-00566786, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:psewpa:halshs-00566786
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00566786
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. de Palma, A, et al, 1985. "The Principle of Minimum Differentiation Holds under Sufficient Heterogeneity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 53(4), pages 767-781, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Zeng, Dao-Zhi & Uchikawa, Tomohiro, 2014. "Ubiquitous inequality: The home market effect in a multicountry space," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 225-233.
    2. Behrens, Kristian & Pokrovsky, Dmitry & Zhelobodko, Evgeny, 2014. "Market Size, Entrepreneurship, and Income Inequality," CEPR Discussion Papers 9831, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Daisuke Oyama & Yasuhiro Sato & Takatoshi Tabuchi & Jacques‐François Thisse, 2011. "On the impact of trade on the industrial structures of nations," International Journal of Economic Theory, The International Society for Economic Theory, vol. 7(1), pages 93-109, March.
    4. Xi Yang, 2014. "Special Issue: Issues in Asia. Guest Editor: Laixun Zhao," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 18(2), pages 313-325, May.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    entrepreneurship; trade liberalization; externality; heterogeneity; stability;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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