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On the impact of trade on industrial structures : The role of entry cost heterogeneity

  • OYAMA, Daisuke

    ()

    (Graduate School of Economics, Hitotsubashi University, Japan)

  • SATO, Yasuhiro

    ()

    (Graduate School of Economics, Hitotsubashi University, Japan)

  • TABUCHI, Takatoshi

    ()

    (Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo, Japan)

  • THISSE, Jacques-François

    ()

    (Université catholique de Louvain (UCL). Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE))

This paper investigates the impacts of progressive trade openness, technological externalities, and heterogeneity of individuals on the formation of entrepreneurship in a two-country occupation choice model. We show that trade opening gives rise to a non-monotonic process of international specialization, in which the share of entrepreneurial firms in the large (small) country first increases (decreases) and then decreases (increases), with the global economy exhibiting first de-industrialization and then re-industrialization. When countries have the same size, we also show that strong technological externalities make the symmetric equilibrium unstable, generating equilibrium multiplicity, while sufficient heterogeneity of individuals leads to the stability and uniqueness of the symmetric equilibrium.

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Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE) in its series CORE Discussion Papers with number 2009046.

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Date of creation: 01 Aug 2009
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Handle: RePEc:cor:louvco:2009046
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  1. Wennekers, Sander & van Stel, Andr� & Carree, Martin & Thurik, Roy, 2010. "The Relationship between Entrepreneurship and Economic Development: Is It U-Shaped?," Foundations and Trends(R) in Entrepreneurship, now publishers, vol. 6(3), pages 167-237, July.
  2. Amiti, Mary & Pissarides, Christopher A., 2005. "Trade and industrial location with heterogeneous labor," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(2), pages 392-412, December.
  3. OYAMA, Daisuke & SATO, Yasuhiro & TABUCHI, Takatoshi & THISSE, Jacques-François, . "On the impact of trade on the industrial structures of nations," CORE Discussion Papers RP -2342, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  4. Caplin, Andrew & Nalebuff, Barry, 1991. "Aggregation and Imperfect Competition: On the Existence of Equilibrium," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 59(1), pages 25-59, January.
  5. Caplin, Andrew & Nalebuff, Barry, 1991. "Aggregation and Social Choice: A Mean Voter Theorem," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 59(1), pages 1-23, January.
  6. Paul Krugman, 1990. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," NBER Working Papers 3275, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  7. Elias Dinopoulos & Kenji Fujiwara & Koji Shimomura, 2011. "International Trade and Volume Patterns under Quasilinear Preferences," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 15(1), pages 154-167, 02.
  8. Krugman, Paul, 1980. "Scale Economies, Product Differentiation, and the Pattern of Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(5), pages 950-59, December.
  9. Casson, Mark, 2005. "Entrepreneurship and the theory of the firm," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 58(2), pages 327-348, October.
  10. Audretsch, David B. & Feldman, Maryann P., 2004. "Knowledge spillovers and the geography of innovation," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, in: J. V. Henderson & J. F. Thisse (ed.), Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, edition 1, volume 4, chapter 61, pages 2713-2739 Elsevier.
  11. Daisuke Oyama & Yasuhiro Sato & Takatoshi Tabuchi & Jacques-François Thisse, 2009. "On the impact of trade on industrial structures: The role of entry cost heterogeneity," PSE Working Papers halshs-00566786, HAL.
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