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Trade and Entrepreneurship with Heterogeneous Workers

  • Oyama, Daisuke
  • Sato, Yasuhiro
  • Tabuchi, Takatoshi
  • Thisse, Jacques-François

This paper investigates the impacts of progressive trade openness, technological externalities, and heterogeneity of individuals on the formation of entrepreneurship in a two-country occupation choice model. We show that trade opening gives rise to a non-monotonic process of international specialization, in which the share of entrepreneurial firms in the large (small) country first increases (decreases) and then decreases (increases), with the global economy exhibiting first de-industrialization and then re-industrialization. When countries have the same size, we also show that strong technological externalities make the symmetric equilibrium unstable, generating equilibrium multiplicity, while sufficient heterogeneity of individuals leads to the stability and uniqueness of the symmetric equilibrium.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 6567.

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Date of creation: Nov 2007
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:6567
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  1. Wennekers, Sander & van Stel, Andr� & Carree, Martin & Thurik, Roy, 2010. "The Relationship between Entrepreneurship and Economic Development: Is It U-Shaped?," Foundations and Trends(R) in Entrepreneurship, now publishers, vol. 6(3), pages 167-237, July.
  2. Amiti, Mary & Pissarides, Christopher, 2002. "Trade and Industrial Location with Heterogenous Labour," CEPR Discussion Papers 3366, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Caplin, Andrew & Nalebuff, Barry, 1991. "Aggregation and Social Choice: A Mean Voter Theorem," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 59(1), pages 1-23, January.
  4. Victor Ginsburgh & André De Palma & Yorgo Papageorgiou & Jacques-François Thisse, 1999. "The principle of minimum differentiation holds under sufficient heterogeneity," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/3319, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  5. Audretsch, David B. & Feldman, Maryann P., 2004. "Knowledge spillovers and the geography of innovation," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, in: J. V. Henderson & J. F. Thisse (ed.), Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, edition 1, volume 4, chapter 61, pages 2713-2739 Elsevier.
  6. Casson, Mark, 2005. "Entrepreneurship and the theory of the firm," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 58(2), pages 327-348, October.
  7. Daisuke Oyama & Yasuhiro Sato & Takatoshi Tabuchi & Jacques‐François Thisse, 2011. "On the impact of trade on the industrial structures of nations," International Journal of Economic Theory, The International Society for Economic Theory, vol. 7(1), pages 93-109, 03.
  8. Paul Krugman, 1990. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," NBER Working Papers 3275, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Daisuke Oyama & Yasuhiro Sato & Takatoshi Tabuchi & Jacques-François Thisse, 2009. "On the impact of trade on industrial structures: The role of entry cost heterogeneity," PSE Working Papers halshs-00566786, HAL.
  10. Andrew Caplin & Barry Nalebuff, 1990. "Aggregation and Imperfect Competition: On the Existence of Equilibrium," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 937, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
  11. Elias Dinopoulos & Kenji Fujiwara & Koji Shimomura, 2011. "International Trade and Volume Patterns under Quasilinear Preferences," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 15(1), pages 154-167, 02.
  12. Krugman, Paul, 1980. "Scale Economies, Product Differentiation, and the Pattern of Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(5), pages 950-59, December.
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