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Ubiquitous inequality: The home market effect in a multicountry space

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  • Zeng, Dao-Zhi
  • Uchikawa, Tomohiro

Abstract

We show that spatial inequalities in an economic space of multiple countries in terms of both nominal income and real income are ubiquitous in the sense that they appear when countries are differentiated by population only. A new trade theory model is constructed without any freely traded homogeneous good, so that we can examine the home market effect (HME) and the non-monotonic relation between income inequalities and globalization. Meanwhile, there are three HME definitions for a two-country space in terms of firm share, labor wage, and trade pattern. The first two remain applicable in a multicountry space, and they are shown to be equivalent. However, a natural extension of the third is not equivalent.

Suggested Citation

  • Zeng, Dao-Zhi & Uchikawa, Tomohiro, 2014. "Ubiquitous inequality: The home market effect in a multicountry space," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 225-233.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:mateco:v:50:y:2014:i:c:p:225-233
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jmateco.2013.11.007
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    1. repec:eee:inecon:v:111:y:2018:i:c:p:34-60 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Dao-Zhi Zeng, 2016. "Capital mobility and spatial inequalities in income and industrial location," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 14(1), pages 109-128, March.
    3. Kato, Hayato & Okubo, Toshihiro, 2018. "Market size in globalization," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 111(C), pages 34-60.
    4. Jian Wang & Junqian Xu, 2015. "Home market effect, spatial wages disparity: an empirical reinvestigation of China," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 55(2), pages 313-333, December.
    5. Tabuchi, Takatoshi & Thisse, Jacques François & Zhu, Xiwei, 2016. "Does technological progress magnify regional disparities?," IDE Discussion Papers 599, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).

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