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Ubiquitous inequality: The home market effect in a multicountry space

  • Zeng, Dao-Zhi
  • Uchikawa, Tomohiro

We show that spatial inequalities in an economic space of multiple countries in terms of both nominal income and real income are ubiquitous in the sense that they appear when countries are differentiated by population only. A new trade theory model is constructed without any freely traded homogeneous good, so that we can examine the home market effect (HME) and the non-monotonic relation between income inequalities and globalization. Meanwhile, there are three HME definitions for a two-country space in terms of firm share, labor wage, and trade pattern. The first two remain applicable in a multicountry space, and they are shown to be equivalent. However, a natural extension of the third is not equivalent.

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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Mathematical Economics.

Volume (Year): 50 (2014)
Issue (Month): C ()
Pages: 225-233

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Handle: RePEc:eee:mateco:v:50:y:2014:i:c:p:225-233
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jmateco

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  1. Diego Puga & Tony Venables, 1995. "Preferential trading arrangements and industrial location," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 2151, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  2. Toshiaki Takahashi & Hajime Takatsuka & Dao-Zhi Zeng, 2013. "Spatial inequality, globalization, and footloose capital," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 53(1), pages 213-238, May.
  3. Barrios, Salvador & Strobl, Eric, 2009. "The dynamics of regional inequalities," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(5), pages 575-591, September.
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  6. Krugman, Paul R & Venables, Anthony J, 1995. "Globalization and the Inequality of Nations," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 110(4), pages 857-80, November.
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  8. OYAMA, Daisuke & SATO, Yasuhiro & TABUCHI, Takatoshi & THISSE, Jacques-François, 2009. "On the impact of trade on industrial structures : The role of entry cost heterogeneity," CORE Discussion Papers 2009046, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
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  16. repec:cup:cbooks:9780521171960 is not listed on IDEAS
  17. Behrens, Kristian & Lamorgese, Andrea R. & Ottaviano, Gianmarco I.P. & Tabuchi, Takatoshi, 2009. "Beyond the home market effect: Market size and specialization in a multi-country world," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 79(2), pages 259-265, November.
  18. Dao-Zhi Zeng & Toru Kikuchi, 2009. "Home Market Effect And Trade Costs," The Japanese Economic Review, Japanese Economic Association, vol. 60(2), pages 253-270.
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  20. Xavier Sala-i-Martin, 2006. "The World Distribution of Income: Falling Poverty and ... Convergence, Period," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 121(2), pages 351-397, May.
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