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Trade liberalization and welfare: Differentiated-good versus homogeneous-good markets

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  • Takatsuka, Hajime
  • Zeng, Dao-Zhi

Abstract

In this paper, we examine the effects of liberalization on industrial location and national welfare in a framework of new economic geography. Specifically, we explicitly incorporate arbitrary trade costs in both differentiated-good and homogeneous-good sectors into a two-country model, and clarify the effects of trade-barrier reduction in each sector. We show that their impacts on welfare levels in the two countries are different, and, if an industry is liberalized while the other is protected, a conflict between the countries might occur. Therefore, appropriate liberalization in both sectors is effective to alleviate such a conflict.

Suggested Citation

  • Takatsuka, Hajime & Zeng, Dao-Zhi, 2012. "Trade liberalization and welfare: Differentiated-good versus homogeneous-good markets," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 26(3), pages 308-325.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jjieco:v:26:y:2012:i:3:p:308-325
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jjie.2012.05.003
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Takatsuka, Hajime & Zeng, Dao-Zhi, 2016. "Nontariff protection without an outside good," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 65-78.
    2. TAKATSUKA Hajime & Dao-Zhi ZENG & Laixun ZHAO, 2013. "Resource-based Regions, the Dutch Disease and City Development," Discussion papers 13001, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    3. Hajime Takatsuka, 2014. "Tax effects in a two-region model of monopolistic competition," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 93(3), pages 595-617, August.
    4. Takatsuka, Hajime & Zeng, Dao-Zhi & Zhao, Laixun, 2015. "Resource-based cities and the Dutch disease," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 57-84.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Trade costs; Firm location; Home market effect; Trade liberalization; Welfare;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade
    • R1 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics

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