Disability and social security reforms: The French case
The French pattern of early transitions out of employment is basically explained by the low age at “normal” retirement and by the importance of transitions through unemployment insurance and early-retirement schemes before access to normal retirement. These routes have exempted French workers from massively relying on disability motives for early exits, contrarily to the situation that prevails in some other countries where normal ages are high, unemployment benefits low and early-retirement schemes almost non-existent. Yet the role of disability remains interesting to examine in the French case, at least for prospective reasons in a context of decreasing generosity of other programs. The study of the past reforms of the pension system underlines that disability routes have often acted as a substitute to other retirement routes. Changes in the claiming of invalidity benefits seem to match changes in pension schemes or controls more than changes in such health indicators as the mortality rates. However, our results suggest that increases in average health levels over the past two decades have come along with increased disparities. In that context, less generous pensions may induce an increase in the claiming of invalidity benefits partly because of substitution effects, but also because the share of people with poor health increases.
|Date of creation:||Jan 2011|
|Note:||View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00556722|
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/|
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Melika Ben Salem & Didier Blanchet & Antoine Bozio & Muriel Roger, 2010.
"Labor Force Participation by the Elderly and Employment of the Young: The Case of France,"
in: Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: The Relationship to Youth Employment, pages 119-146
National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Mélika Ben Salem & Antoine Bozio & Muriel Roger, 2010. "Labor Force Participation by the elderly and employment of the Young. The case of France," Post-Print halshs-00754794, HAL.
- Mélika Ben Salem & Didier Blanchet & Antoine Bozio & Muriel Roger, 8/11. "Labor force participation by the elderly and employment of the young: The case of France," Working Papers halshs-00586064, HAL.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:hal:psewpa:halshs-00556722. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (CCSD)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.