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Retirement, Early Retirement and Disability: Explaining Labor Force Participation after 55 in France

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Listed:
  • Luc Behaghel
  • Didier Blanchet
  • Muriel Roger

Abstract

We analyze the influence of health and financial incentives on the retirement behavior of older workers in France, building upon Stock and Wise (1990) option value approach. The model accounts for three main retirement routes: the normal retirement, disability insurance (DI) and unemployment/preretirement pathways, and is estimated with a combination of microeconomic datasets that include the French data of the European SHARE survey. The estimates confirm that a decrease in the generosity of the pension and DI schemes induces people to stay longer in the labor market, and that people with better health tend to retire later. We present extreme situations simulating what individual's retirement behavior would have been if only one retirement route had existed and in the absence of constraints on work capabilities. We show that average years of work between 55 and 64 are nearly 14% greater when regular retirement incentives are applied to the whole population than when it is DI rules that are systematically applied.

Suggested Citation

  • Luc Behaghel & Didier Blanchet & Muriel Roger, 2014. "Retirement, Early Retirement and Disability: Explaining Labor Force Participation after 55 in France," NBER Working Papers 20030, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:20030
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Luc Behaghel & Didier Blanchet & Thierry Debrand & Muriel Roger, 2012. "Disability and Social Security Reforms: The French Case," NBER Chapters,in: Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Historical Trends in Mortality and Health, Employment, and Disability Insurance Participatio, pages 301-326 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. David A. Wise, 1990. "Issues in the Economics of Aging," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number wise90-1.
    3. repec:eee:joecag:v:9:y:2017:i:c:p:172-184 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Courtney Coile & Kevin S. Milligan & David A. Wise, 2014. "Social Security Programs and Retirement Around the World: Disability Insurance Programs and Retirement - Introduction and Summary," NBER Working Papers 20120, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Poterba, James M. & Venti, Steven F. & Wise, David A., 2017. "The asset cost of poor health," The Journal of the Economics of Ageing, Elsevier, vol. 9(C), pages 172-184.
    6. Thomas Barnay & François Jeger, 2006. "Quels dispositifs de cessation d’activité pour les personnes en mauvaise santé ?," Post-Print hal-01298924, HAL.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Kadija Charni, 2016. "The French Pension Reforms and their Impact on Unemployed Older Workers," AMSE Working Papers 1602, Aix-Marseille School of Economics, Marseille, France, revised Jan 2016.
    2. repec:rsr:journl:v:65:y:2017:i:2:p:57-79 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Stancanelli, Elena G. F., 2016. "Couples' Retirement under Individual Pension Design: A Regression Discontinuity Study for France," IZA Discussion Papers 10322, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Simon Rabaté & Julie Rochut, 2017. "Employment and Substitution Effects of Raising the Statutory Eligibility Age in France," Working Papers halshs-01622346, HAL.
    5. Lorenzo Burlon & Montserrat Vilalta-Bufí, 2016. "A new look at technical progress and early retirement," IZA Journal of Labor Policy, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 5(1), pages 1-39, December.
    6. Etienne Lalé, 2015. "Turbulence and the Employment Experience of Older Workers," Bristol Economics Discussion Papers 15/652, Department of Economics, University of Bristol, UK, revised 13 Jul 2016.
    7. repec:rsr:supplm:v:65:y:2017:i:5:p:198-210 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
    • J26 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Retirement; Retirement Policies

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