Health, Financial Incentives, and Early Retirement: Micro-Simulation Evidence for Germany
About 20% of German workers retire on disability pensions. Disability pensions provide fairly generous benefits for those who are not already age-eligible for an old-age pension and who are deemed unable to work for health reasons. In this paper, we use two sets of individual survey data to study the role of health and financial incentives in early retirement decisions in Germany, in particular disability benefit uptake. We show that financial incentives to retire do affect sick individuals at least as much as healthy individuals. Based on 25 years of individual survey data and empirical models of retirement behavior, we then simulate changes in the generosity of disability pensions to understand how these changes would affect retirement behavior. Our results show that making the disability benefit award process more stringent without closing other early retirement routes would not greatly increase labor force participation in old age.
|Date of creation:||Feb 2014|
|Date of revision:|
|Publication status:||Forthcoming: Health, Financial Incentives, and Early Retirement: Micro-Simulation Evidence for Germany , Hendrik Jürges, Lars Thiel, Tabea Bucher-Koenen, Johannes Rausch, Morten Schuth, Axel Börsch-Supan. in Social Security Programs and Retirement Around the World: Disability Insurance Programs and Retirement , Wise. 2015|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: |
Web page: http://www.nber.org
More information through EDIRC
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Riphahn, Regina T., 1998.
"Income and Employment Effects of Health Shocks - A Test Case for the German Welfare State,"
IZA Discussion Papers
10, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Regina T. Riphahn, 1999. "Income and employment effects of health shocks A test case for the German welfare state," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 12(3), pages 363-389.
- Kemptner, Daniel & JÃ¼rges, Hendrik & Reinhold, Steffen, 2010.
"Changes in Compulsory Schooling and the Causal Effect of Education on Health: Evidence from Germany,"
MEA discussion paper series
10200, Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA) at the Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy.
- Kemptner, Daniel & Jürges, Hendrik & Reinhold, Steffen, 2011. "Changes in compulsory schooling and the causal effect of education on health: Evidence from Germany," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(2), pages 340-354, March.
- Laura Romeu Gordo, 2006. "Effects of short- and long-term unemployment on health satisfaction: evidence from German data," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(20), pages 2335-2350.
- Hendrik Jürges & Kerstin Schneider, 2011. "Why Young Boys Stumble: Early Tracking, Age and Gender Bias in the German School System," German Economic Review, Verein für Socialpolitik, vol. 12(4), pages 371-394, November.
- Little, Roderick J A, 1988. "Missing-Data Adjustments in Large Surveys," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 6(3), pages 287-96, July.
- Hendrik Jürges, 2009.
"Healthy Minds In Healthy Bodies: An International Comparison Of Education-Related Inequality In Physical Health Among Older Adults,"
Scottish Journal of Political Economy,
Scottish Economic Society, vol. 56(3), pages 296-320, 07.
- Hendrik JÃ¼rges, 2007. "Healthy minds in healthy bodies. An international comparison of education-related inequality in physical health among older adults," MEA discussion paper series 07141, Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA) at the Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy.
- James M. Poterba & Steven F. Venti & David A. Wise, 2010.
"The Asset Cost of Poor health,"
NBER Working Papers
16389, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Poterba, James & Venti, Steven F. & Wise, David Alsgaard, 2011. "The Asset Cost of Poor Health," Scholarly Articles 4669670, Harvard Kennedy School of Government.
- Poterba, James M. & Venti, Steven F. & Wise, David A., 2011. "The Asset Cost of Poor Health," Working Paper Series rwp11-005, Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government.
- Gert G. Wagner & Joachim R. Frick & Jürgen Schupp, 2007.
"The German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP): Scope, Evolution and Enhancements,"
SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research
1, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
- Gert G. Wagner & Joachim R. Frick & Jürgen Schupp, 2007. "The German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP) – Scope, Evolution and Enhancements," Schmollers Jahrbuch : Journal of Applied Social Science Studies / Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 127(1), pages 139-169.
- Christian Dustmann, 2004. "Parental background, secondary school track choice, and wages," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 56(2), pages 209-230, April.
- David A. Wise, 1990. "Issues in the Economics of Aging," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number wise90-1, October.
- Jonathan Gruber & David A. Wise, 2002.
"Social Security Programs and Retirement Around the World: Micro Estimation,"
NBER Working Papers
9407, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Jonathan Gruber & David A. Wise, 2004. "Social Security Programs and Retirement around the World: Micro-Estimation," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number grub04-1, October.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:19889. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: ()
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.