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Does job insecurity deteriorate health?

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  • Eve Caroli

    () (PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres, PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, PSE - Paris School of Economics, LEDa - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine - Université Paris Dauphine-PSL, Legos - Laboratoire d'Economie et de Gestion des Organisations de Santé - Université Paris Dauphine-PSL)

  • Mathilde Godard

    () (LEDa - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine - Université Paris Dauphine-PSL, CREST - Centre de Recherche en Économie et Statistique - ENSAI - Ecole Nationale de la Statistique et de l'Analyse de l'Information [Bruz] - X - École polytechnique - ENSAE ParisTech - École Nationale de la Statistique et de l'Administration Économique - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

This paper estimates the causal effect of perceived job insecurity – that is, the fear of involuntary job loss – on health in a sample of men from 22 European countries. We rely on an original instrumental variable approach on the basis of the idea that workers perceive greater job security in countries where employment is strongly protected by the law and more so if employed in industries where employment protection legislation is more binding; that is, in induastries with a higher natural rate of dismissals. Using cross-country data from the 2010 European Working Conditions Survey, we show that, when the potential endogeneity of job insecurity is not accounted for, the latter appears to deteriorate almost all health outcomes. When tackling the endogeneity issue by estimating an instrumental variable model and dealing with potential weak-instrument issues, the health-damaging effect of job insecurity is confirmed for a limited subgroup of health outcomes; namely, suffering from headaches or eyestrain and skin problems. As for other health variables, the impact of job insecurity appears to be insignificant at conventional levels.

Suggested Citation

  • Eve Caroli & Mathilde Godard, 2016. "Does job insecurity deteriorate health?," PSE - Labex "OSE-Ouvrir la Science Economique" halshs-01311366, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:pseose:halshs-01311366
    DOI: 10.1002/hec.3122
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01311366
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    1. Tito Boeri & Marta De Philippis & Eleonora Patacchini & Michele Pellizzari, 2015. "Immigration, Housing Discrimination and Employment," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 125(586), pages 82-114, August.
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    Keywords

    instrumental variables; job insecurity; health;

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