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Does job insecurity deteriorate health?

Listed author(s):
  • Eve Caroli

    ()

    (PSL - PSL Research University, PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - École des Ponts ParisTech (ENPC), PSE - Paris School of Economics, LEDa - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine - Université Paris-Dauphine, Legos - Laboratoire d'Economie et de Gestion des Organisations de Santé - Université Paris-Dauphine)

  • Mathilde Godard

    (LEDa - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine - Université Paris-Dauphine, CREST - Centre de Recherche en Économie et Statistique - INSEE - École Nationale de la Statistique et de l'Administration Économique)

This paper estimates the causal effect of perceived job insecurity – that is, the fear of involuntary job loss – on health in a sample of men from 22 European countries. We rely on an original instrumental variable approach on the basis of the idea that workers perceive greater job security in countries where employment is strongly protected by the law and more so if employed in industries where employment protection legislation is more binding; that is, in induastries with a higher natural rate of dismissals. Using cross-country data from the 2010 European Working Conditions Survey, we show that, when the potential endogeneity of job insecurity is not accounted for, the latter appears to deteriorate almost all health outcomes. When tackling the endogeneity issue by estimating an instrumental variable model and dealing with potential weak-instrument issues, the health-damaging effect of job insecurity is confirmed for a limited subgroup of health outcomes; namely, suffering from headaches or eyestrain and skin problems. As for other health variables, the impact of job insecurity appears to be insignificant at conventional levels.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-01311366.

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Date of creation: Feb 2016
Publication status: Published in Health Economics, Wiley, 2016, 25 (2), pp.131-147. <10.1002/hec.3122>
Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-01311366
DOI: 10.1002/hec.3122
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01311366
Contact details of provider: Web page: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/

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