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Self-reported job insecurity and health in the Whitehall II study: potential explanations of the relationship

Author

Listed:
  • Ferrie, Jane E.
  • Shipley, Martin J.
  • Newman, Katherine
  • Stansfeld, Stephen A.
  • Marmot, Michael

Abstract

This paper examines the potential of demographic, personal, material and behavioural characteristics, other psychosocial features of the work environment and job satisfaction to explain associations between self-reported job insecurity and health in a longitudinal study of British white-collar civil servants. Strong associations were found between self-reported job insecurity and both poor self-rated health and minor psychiatric morbidity. After adjustment for age, employment grade and health during a prior phase of secure employment, pessimism, heightened vigilance, primary deprivation, financial security, social support and job satisfaction explained 68% of the association between job insecurity and self-rated health in women, and 36% in men. With the addition of job control, these factors explained 60% of the association between job insecurity and minor psychiatric morbidity, and just over 80% of the association with depression in both sexes.

Suggested Citation

  • Ferrie, Jane E. & Shipley, Martin J. & Newman, Katherine & Stansfeld, Stephen A. & Marmot, Michael, 2005. "Self-reported job insecurity and health in the Whitehall II study: potential explanations of the relationship," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 60(7), pages 1593-1602, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:socmed:v:60:y:2005:i:7:p:1593-1602
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Ferrie, Jane E. & Shipley, Martin J. & Marmot, Michael G. & Stansfeld, Stephen & Smith, George Davey, 1998. "The health effects of major organisational change and job insecurity," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 46(2), pages 243-254, January.
    2. Leeflang, R. L. I. & Klein-Hesselink, D. J. & Spruit, I. P., 1992. "Health effects of unemployment--I. Long-term unemployed men in a rural and an urban setting," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 341-350, February.
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