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Organizational Change, Absenteeism, and Welfare Dependency

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  • Knut Røed
  • Elisabeth Fevang

Abstract

Based on Norwegian register data, we set up a multivariate mixed proportional hazard model (MMPH) to analyze nurses’ pattern of work, sickness absence, nonemployment, and social insurance dependency from 1992 to 2000, and how that pattern was affected by workplace characteristics. The model is estimated by means of the nonparametric maximum-likelihood estimator (NPMLE). We find that downsizing processes involve a significant increase in the level of sickness absence among still-employed nurses. They also cause a significant increase in the probability of entering into more long-lasting health-related social insurance dependency.

Suggested Citation

  • Knut Røed & Elisabeth Fevang, 2007. "Organizational Change, Absenteeism, and Welfare Dependency," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 42(1).
  • Handle: RePEc:uwp:jhriss:v:42:y:2007:i1:p156-193
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    Cited by:

    1. Mari Rege & Kjetil Telle & Mark Votruba, 2012. "Social Interaction Effects in Disability Pension Participation: Evidence from Plant Downsizing," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 114(4), pages 1208-1239, December.
    2. Sigursteinsdóttir, Hjördís & Rafnsdóttir, Gudbjörg Linda, 2015. "Sickness and sickness absence of remaining employees in a time of economic crisis: A study among employees of municipalities in Iceland," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 132(C), pages 95-102.
    3. Bratsberg, Bernt & Fevang, Elisabeth & Røed, Knut, 2010. "Disability in the Welfare State: An Unemployment Problem in Disguise?," IZA Discussion Papers 4897, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Bratsberg, Bernt & Fevang, Elisabeth & Røed, Knut, 2013. "Job loss and disability insurance," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 137-150.
    5. Bratberg, Espen & Monstad, Karin, 2015. "Worried sick? Worker responses to a financial shock," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 111-120.
    6. Bernstrøm, Vilde Hoff, 2013. "The relationship between three stages of job change and long-term sickness absence," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 98(C), pages 239-246.
    7. Carlsen, Benedicte, 2012. "From absence to absenteeism? A qualitative cross case study of teachers’ views on sickness absence," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 41(2), pages 129-136.
    8. Østhus, Ståle & Mastekaasa, Arne, 2010. "The impact of downsizing on remaining workers' sickness absence," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 71(8), pages 1455-1462, October.
    9. Eriksen, Tine Louise Mundbjerg & Hogh, Annie & Hansen, Åse Marie, 2016. "Long-term Consequences of Workplace Bullying on Sickness Absence," IZA Discussion Papers 10101, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    10. Mundbjerg Eriksen, Tine L. & Hogh, Annie & Hansen, Åse Marie, 2016. "Long-term consequences of workplace bullying on sickness absence," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 129-150.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • J28 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Safety; Job Satisfaction; Related Public Policy

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