What determines transitions to sick leave?
The paper discusses some of the possible determinants of sick leave. The underlying medical health of workers is of course important, but other factors also determine if they manage to function at work. For example the degree to which workers are willing to endure discomfort at work and the demands for efficiency at work can be important. Also of importance is the ease with which workers can change jobs and whether increases in employment bring in marginal, less healthy, workers. Finally, one must take into consideration the ability of firms to accommodate workers with health problems, the age of the work force and the situation workers face at home. As an illustration, we discuss how these factors have influenced married women in ages 35 to 44 using a multinomial model. The main finding is that changes in wages has had a very strong effect on transitions to sick leave in the 90’s. In our estimation they explain almost all the change in the group.
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