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Cross-Border Media and Nationalism: Evidence from Serbian Radio in Croatia

Listed author(s):
  • Stefano Dellavigna

    (University of California [Berkeley])

  • Ruben Enikolopov

    (IPEG - Institute for Political Economy and Governance - Institute for Political Economy and Governance, Universitat Pompeu Fabra [Barcelona], NES - New Economic School - NES)

  • Vera Mironova

    (University of Maryland [College Park])

  • Maria Petrova

    (IPEG - Institute for Political Economy and Governance - Institute for Political Economy and Governance, Universitat Pompeu Fabra [Barcelona], NES - New Economic School - NES)

  • Ekaterina Zhuravskaya

    (NES - New Economic School - NES, PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, PSE - Paris School of Economics)

How do nationalistic media affect animosity between ethnic groups? We consider one of Europe's deadliest conflicts since WWII, the Serbo-Croatian conflict. We show that, after a decade of peace, cross-border nationalistic Serbian radio triggers ethnic hatred toward Serbs in Croatia. Mostly attracted by nonpolitical content, many Croats listen to Serbian public radio (intended for Serbs in Serbia) whenever signal is available. As a result, the vote for extreme nationalist parties is higher and ethnically offensive graffiti are more common in Croatian villages with Serbian radio reception. A laboratory experiment confirms that Serbian radio exposure causes anti-Serbian sentiment among Croats.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series PSE - Labex "OSE-Ouvrir la Science Economique" with number halshs-01053370.

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Length:
Date of creation: Jul 2014
Publication status: Published in American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, 2014, 6 (3), pp.103-132. <10.1257/app.6.3.103>
Handle: RePEc:hal:pseose:halshs-01053370
DOI: 10.1257/app.6.3.103
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01053370
Contact details of provider: Web page: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/

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