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Radio and the Rise of The Nazis in Prewar Germany

Author

Listed:
  • Maja Adena

    (Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung - Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung)

  • Ruben Enikolopov

    (UPF - Universitat Pompeu Fabra [Barcelona])

  • Maria Petrova

    (ICGM ICMMM - Institut Charles Gerhardt Montpellier - Institut de Chimie Moléculaire et des Matériaux de Montpellier - UM2 - Université Montpellier 2 - Sciences et Techniques - UM1 - Université Montpellier 1 - UM - Université de Montpellier - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - ENSCM - Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Montpellier)

  • Veronica Santarosa

    (University of Michigan - Law School - University of Michigan [Ann Arbor] - University of Michigan System)

  • Ekaterina Zhuravskaya

    (PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres, PSE - Paris School of Economics - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement)

Abstract

How do the media affect public support for democratic institutions in a fragile democracy? What role do they play in a dictatorial regime? We study these questions in the context of Germany of the 1920s and 1930s. During the democratic period, when the Weimar government introduced progovernment political news, the growth of Nazi popularity slowed down in areas with access to radio. This effect was reversed during the campaign for the last competitive election as a result of the pro-Nazi radio broadcast following Hitler's appointment as chancellor. During the consolidation of dictatorship, radio propaganda helped the Nazis enroll new party members. After the Nazis established their rule, radio propaganda incited anti-Semitic acts and denunciations of Jews to authorities by ordinary citizens. The effect of anti-Semitic propaganda varied depending on the listeners' predispositions toward the message. Nazi radio was most effective in places where anti-Semitism was historically high and had a negative effect in places with historically low anti-Semitism.

Suggested Citation

  • Maja Adena & Ruben Enikolopov & Maria Petrova & Veronica Santarosa & Ekaterina Zhuravskaya, 2015. "Radio and the Rise of The Nazis in Prewar Germany," PSE - Labex "OSE-Ouvrir la Science Economique" halshs-01245557, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:pseose:halshs-01245557
    DOI: 10.1093/qje/qjv030
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01245557
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    as
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    Keywords

    Europe;

    JEL classification:

    • D72 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
    • L82 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Entertainment; Media
    • N74 - Economic History - - Economic History: Transport, International and Domestic Trade, Energy, and Other Services - - - Europe: 1913-

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